Glasgow Coma Scale
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary Patients defined as having a moderate head injury on the basis of Glasgow Coma Scale scores within the ranges of 9 to 13 after acute nonsurgical procedures were selected. Almost 1600 cases were hospitalized in the Neurosurgery Department. The cases were admitted through the Emergency Unit of Gaz University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey during the period between 1979 and 1992. The group studied consisted of 231 selected patients assessed separately in paediatric, adult and elderly age groups. Possible risk factors such as: GCS score, anisocoria, unilateral or bilateral fixed pupils, impaired oculocephalic reflexes, presence of multiple systemic injuries, aetiology of head trauma, presence of linear or depressed skull fractures, space occupying mass on CT or operation was also assessed. Subarachnoid haemorrhage turned out to be the only independent significant risk factor in predicting mortality. The data about the patients who have “talked and deteriorated” were also reported so as to assisst physicians charged with the care of trauma victims.
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