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  • 1
    ISSN: 1434-9949
    Keywords: Echocardiography ; Pericarditis ; Primary Sjögren's Syndrome
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Cardiac involvement in 27 consecutive patients fulfilling the criteria for primary Sjögren's syndrome was evaluated using echo-doppler-cardiography. A clinical physical examination showed that the heart was normal in all patients. Nine (33%) had signs of present or previous pericarditis with effusion and/or fibrin deposition, four of them had chest symptoms. The pericarditis patients were slightly older, had significantly shorter disease duration, had significantly increased levels of orosomucoid and haptoglobin, and were significantly more often antinuclear-antibody positive than those without pericarditis. Of the echocardiographic measurements, the left ventricular systolic dimension was significantly smaller and the fractional shortening of the left ventricle significantly higher in the pericarditis patients. However, four of the nine pericarditis patients had localized hypokinesia of the left ventricle, all with unspecific ECG changes, while only one without pericarditis showed this symptom. No patient had low voltage, ST-T elevation or conduction abnormalities. Mitral valvular thickening was found in one patient and age-related sclerosis of the aortic cusps appeared in some.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1434-4726
    Keywords: NZB/NZW-Maus ; Ultrastruktur ; Submandibulare Speicheldrüse ; Lymphocyten ; Autoimmunes Leiden ; NZB/NZW mouse ; Ultrastructure ; Submandibular gland ; Lymphocytes ; Autoimmune disease
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Summary An electron microscopic study of the submandibular salivary gland lesion occurring in the NZB/NZW F1 hybrid mice was performed, and the findings were discussed and correlated to the autoimmune salivary gland disease observed in patients with Sjögren's syndrome. Within the submandibular salivary gland of this mouse strain focal infiltrates of mononuclear inflammatory cells were observed. Lymphoid cells were observed inside the basal lamina of acini and ducts, leading to destruction of these glandular units. The typical duct cell proliferation found in the autoimmune sialoadenitis of Sjögren's syndrome with the formation of the typical epimyoepithelial islands was not found in the submandibular glands of NZB/NZW mice.
    Notes: Zusammenfassung Eine elektronenmikroskopische Untersuchung der bei den NZB/NZW F1 hybriden Mäusen vorkommenden Veränderungen in den submandibularen Speicheldrüsen wurde durchgeführt, und die Befunde wurden diskutiert und korreliert mit dem autoimmunen Speicheldrüsenleiden, das bei Patienten mit Sjögrens-Syndrom beobachtet wird. In der submandibularen Speicheldrüse dieses Mäusestammes wurden begrenzte Infiltrationen mononuklearer inflammatorischer Zellen beobachtet. Die mononuklearen Zellen wurden hauptsächlich als lymphoide Zellen identifiziert. Außerdem wurden innerhalb der Lamina basilaris von Drüsen und Drüsengängen lymphoide Zellen beobachtet, die zur Zerstörung dieser Drüseneinheiten führen. Darüber hinaus wurde der typische Zuwachs der Drüsengangszellen, der bei der autoimmunen Speicheldrüsenentzündung des Sjögrens-Syndroms vorkommt und die Form von typischen epimyoepithelialen Inseln annimmt, in den submandibularen Drüsen der NZB/NZW-Mäuse nicht vorgefunden.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1600-0714
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The immunoreactivity pattern for different monoclonal antibodies to cytokeratins and to vimentin in epimyoepithelial islands typical for glands of patients with Sjögren's syndrome has been compared with that of normal parotid gland tissue. Two types of epithelial island cells were observed: one had an intermediate filament protein pattern similar to that of ordinary duct epithelial cells of normal parotid gland. The other had an intermediate filament protein pattern typical of myoepithelial and/or basal duct cells in normal glands. Thus, we conclude that the islands are composed of a mixed population of gland cells on the basis of their content of cytokeratins or of cytokeratins and vimentin. These cells might originate from pluripotential reserve cells or from ordinary duct, myoepithelial and/or basal duct cells which may have undergone metaplasia.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Keywords: Pancreatic islets ; Cyclostomes ; Somatostatin ; Endocrine cells ; Immunofluorescence
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Somatostatin-like immunofluorescence has been found by immunostaining in cells of the bile duct mucosa and pancreatic islet parenchyma of the hagfish, Myxine glutinosa, and the islet lobules of the lamprey, Lampetra fluviatilis.
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