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  • 1
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  68. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC), 7. Joint Meeting mit der Society of British Neurological Surgeons (SBNS); 20170514-20170517; Magdeburg; DOCP 180 /20170609/
    Publication Date: 2017-06-09
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: English
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0887-3585
    Keywords: C-type lectin ; crystallization database ; incomplete factoriel experiments ; pancreatic stone protein ; X-ray diffraction ; Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Crystals of human lithostathine, a pancreatic glycoprotein which inhibits the growth and nucleation of calcium carbonate crystals, were grown using PEG 4000 as the precipitating agent. The crystals belong to the hexagonal space group P61 (or its enantiomorph P65) and diffract to 1.55 Å resolution. There is one molecule in the asymmetric unit and the crystals have 39% solvent. © 1995 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0887-3585
    Keywords: protein fold assignment ; structure prediction ; critical assessment of protein structure prediction ; Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: New and newly extended methods for fold assignment were tested for their abilities to assign folds to amino acid target sequences of unknown three-dimensional structure. These target sequences, released through the CASP2 experiment, are not obviously related to any sequence of known three-dimensional (3D) structure. We assigned 3D folds to target sequences and filed these predictions with CASP2 before their 3D structures were released. The methods tested were (1) Environmental 3D profiles of Bowie and colleagues [Bowie, J.U., Luthy, R., Eisenberg, D. Science 253:164-170, 1991]; (2) A variation of this is termed Directional Profiles; (3) The H3P2 five-dimensional sequence-structure substitution matrix of Rice and Eisenberg [Rice, D., Eisenberg, D.J. Mol. Biol. 267:1026-1037, 1997]; and (4) The Sequence Derived Property methods of Fischer and Eisenberg [Fischer, D., Eisenberg, D. Prot. Sci. 5:947-955, 1996]. When the 3D structures of the sequences were released, 17 of our predictions were evaluated. Of these 17, we assigned high probabilities to 11, of which 9 were correct. Five of these correct predictions were of known 3D structures similar to the targets and four of these were of new folds. The evaluation demonstrated that our methods were effective in assigning the proper fold to more than half of the CASP2 targets with known folds (5/9) and also were able to detect half of the sequences that corresponded to no known folds (4/8). Even when the correct fold is assigned to a sequence, proper alignment of the sequence to the structure remains a challenge. Our methods were able to produce accurate alignments (〈1.2 mean residue shift error from the structural alignment) for four of the targets, including the particularly difficult alignment (only 7% residue identity in the structurally aligned regions) of the ferrochelatase sequence to the fold of a periplasmic binding protein. Proteins, Suppl. 1:113-122, 1997. © 1998 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0887-3585
    Keywords: docking ; distance geometry ; drug design ; peptidyl inhibitors ; protein-peptide interactions ; inducible complementarity ; aspartic proteinase ; glycosyltransferase ; serine protease ; DNA repair enzyme ; Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The three key challenges addressed in our development of SPECITOPE, a tool for screening large structural databases for potential ligands to a protein, are to eliminate infeasible candidates early in the search, incorporate ligand and protein side-chain flexibility upon docking, and provide an appropriate rank for potential new ligands. The protein ligand-binding site is modeled by a shell of surface atoms and by hydrogen-bonding template points for the ligand to match, conferring specificity to the interaction. SPECITOPE combinatorially matches all hydrogen-bond donors and acceptors of the screened molecules to the template points. By eliminating molecules that cannot match distance or hydrogen-bond constraints, the transformation of potential docking candidates into the ligand-binding site and the shape and hydrophobic complementarity evaluations are only required for a small subset of the database. SPECITOPE screens 140,000 peptide fragments in about an hour and has identified and docked known inhibitors and potential new ligands to the free structures of four distinct targets: a serine protease, a DNA repair enzyme, an aspartic proteinase, and a glycosyltransferase. For all four, protein side-chain rotations were critical for successful docking, emphasizing the importance of inducible complementarity for accurately modeling ligand interactions. SPECITOPE has a range of potential applications for understanding and engineering protein recognition, from inhibitor and linker design to protein docking and macromolecular assembly. Proteins 33:74-87, 1998. © 1998 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 0749-503X
    Keywords: genome sequencing ; Saccharomyces cerevisiae ; yeast ; chromosome IV ; HXT15 ; hexose transporter ; Life Sciences ; Life Sciences (general)
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: The DNA sequence of a 4·1 kb region of Saccharomyces cerevisiae chromosome IV was determined. This region contains a single open reading frame which codes for a member of the hexose transporter family. This new gene has been named HXT15 according to yeast gene data bases. The sequence has been entered in the EMBL data library under Accession Number X92891.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0730-2312
    Keywords: architectural transcription factor ; nuclear matrix ; osteoblast ; parathyroid hormone ; type I collagen ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: In connective tissue, cell structure contributes to type I collagen expression. Differences in osteoblast microarchitecture may account for the two distinct cis elements regulating basal expression, in vivo and in vitro, of the rat type I collagen α1(I) polypeptide chain (COL1A1). The COL1A1 promoter conformation may be the penultimate culmination of osteoblast structure. Architectural transcription factors bind to the minor groove of AT-rich DNA and bend it, altering interactions between other trans-acting proteins. Similarly, nuclear matrix (NM) proteins bind to the minor groove of AT-rich matrix-attachment regions, regulating transcription by altering DNA structure. We propose that osteoblast NM architectural transcription factors link cell structure to promoter geometry and COL1A1 transcription. Our objective was to identify potential osteoblast NM architectural transcription factors near the in vitro and in vivo regulatory regions of the rat COL1A1 promoter. Nuclear protein-promoter interactions were analyzed by gel shift analysis and related techniques. NM extracts were derived from rat osteosarcoma cells and from rat bone. The NM protein, NMP4, and a soluble nuclear protein, NP, both bound to two homologous poly(dT) elements within the COL1A1 in vitro regulatory region and proximal to the in vivo regulatory element. These proteins bound within the minor groove and bent the DNA. Parathyroid hormone increased NP/NMP4 binding to both poly(dT) elements and decreased COL1A1 mRNA in the osteosarcoma cells. NP/NMP4-COL1A1 promoter interactions may represent a molecular pathway by which osteoblast structure is coupled to COL1A1 expression. J. Cell. Biochem. 69:336-352. © 1998 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 12 Ill.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 0730-2312
    Keywords: cadherin ; catenins ; thyroid carcinoma cell ; epithelial cell ; cell-cell adhesion ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: E-cadherin is the major cell-cell adhesion molecule expressed by epithelial cells. Cadherins form a complex with three cytoplasmic proteins, α-, β-, and γ-catenin, and the interaction between them is crucial for anchoring the actin cytoskeleton to the intercellular adherens junctions. The invasive behavior of cancer cells has been attributed to a dysfunction of these molecules. In this study, we examined the distribution of the cadherin-catenin complex in a Chinese human thyroid cancer cell line, CGTH W-2, compared with that in normal human thyroid epithelial cells. In the normal cells, using immunofluorescence staining, E-cadherin and α-, β-, and γ-catenin were found to be localized at the intercellular junction and appeared as 135, 102, 90, and 80 kD proteins on Western blots. In CGTH W-2 cells, no E-cadherin and γ-catenin immunoreactivity was detected by immunofluorescence or Western blotting; α- and β-catenin were detected as 102 and 90 kD proteins on blots but gave a diffuse cytoplasmic immunofluorescence staining pattern in most cells, while β-catenin was also distributed throughout the cytoplasm in most cells but was found at the cell junction in some, where it colocalized with α-actinin. The present data indicate that the loss of cell adhesiveness in these cancer cells may be due to incomplete assembly of the cadherin-catenin complex at the cell junction. However, this defect did not affect the linkage of actin bundles to vinculin-enriched intercellular junctions. J. Cell. Biochem. 70:330-337, 1998. © 1998 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 0730-2312
    Keywords: steroid hormone receptor ; 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 ; nuclear retention ; DNA-binding ; transcriptional activation ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: The human vitamin D receptor (hVDR) possesses a unique array of five basic amino acids positioned between the two DNA-binding zinc fingers that is similar to well-characterized nuclear localization sequences in other proteins. When residues within this region are mutated to nonbasic amino acids, or when this domain is deleted, the receptor is still well expressed, but it no longer associates with the vitamin D-responsive element in DNA, in vitro, and hVDR-mediated transcriptional activation is abolished in transfected cells. Concomitantly, the mutated hVDRs exhibit a significant shift in hVDR cellular distribution favoring cytoplasmic over nuclear retention as assessed by subcellular fractionation and immunoblotting. Independent immunocytochemical studies employing a VDR-specific monoclonal antibody demonstrate that mutation or deletion of this basic domain dramatically attenuates hVDR nuclear localization in transfected COS-7 cells. Although wild-type hVDR is partitioned predominantly to the nucleus in the absence of the 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) hormone, treatment with ligand further enhances nuclear translocation, as it does to some degree in receptors with the basic region altered. The role of 1,25(OH)2D3may be to facilitate hVDR heterodimerization with retinoid X receptors, stimulating subsequent DNA binding and ultimately enhancing nuclear retention. Taken together, these data reveal that the region of hVDR between Arg-49 and Lys-55 contains a novel constitutive nuclear localization signal, RRSMKRK. J. Cell. Biochem. 70:94-109, 1998. © 1998 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 0570-0833
    Keywords: combinatorial chemistry ; cyclodextrins ; molecular recognition ; peptides ; Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: We have previously described a specific, saturable receptor for rat collagenase-3 in the rat osteosarcoma cell line, UMR 106-01. Binding of rat collagenase-3 to this receptor is coupled to the internalization and eventual degradation of the enzyme and correlates with observed extracellular levels of the enzyme. In this study we have shown that decreased binding, internalization, and degradation of 125I-rat collagenase-3 were observed in cells after 24 h of parathyroid hormone treatment; these activities returned to control values after 48 h and were increased substantially (twice control levels) after 96 h of treatment with the hormone. Subcellular fractionation studies to identify the route of uptake and degradation of collagenase-3 localized intracellular accumulation of 125I-rat collagenase-3 initially in Golgi-associated lysosomes and later in secondary lysosomes. Maximal lysosomal accumulation of the radiolabel and stimulation of general lysosomal activity occurred after 72 h of parathyroid hormone treatment. Preventing fusion of endosomes with lysosomes (by temperature shift, colchicine, or monensin) resulted in no internalized 125I-collagenase-3 in either lysosomal fraction. Treatment of UMR cells with the above agents or ammonium chloride decreased excretion of 125I-labeled degradation products of collagenase-3. These experiments demonstrated that degradation of collagenase-3 required receptor-mediated endocytosis and sequential processing by endosomes and lysosomes. Thus, parathyroid hormone regulates the expression and synthesis of collagenase-3 as well as the abundance and functioning of the collagenase-3 receptor and the intracellular degradation of its ligand. The coordinate changes in the secretion of collagenase-3 and expression of the receptor determine the net abundance of the enzyme in the extracellular space. J Cell Physiol 177:563-574, 1998. © 1998 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 9 Ill.
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