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  • 1
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  64. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC); 20130526-20130529; Düsseldorf; DOCMO.04.02 /20130521/
    Publication Date: 2013-05-22
    Keywords: intraoperative CSF Leak ; Fluorescein ; significance ; ddc: 610
    Language: English
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 2
    Keywords: RECEPTOR ; CELLS ; EXPRESSION ; INHIBITOR ; CELL ; Germany ; human ; MODEL ; MODELS ; THERAPY ; SUPPORT ; PROTEIN ; PROTEINS ; cell line ; LINES ; RELEASE ; INFECTION ; CONTRAST ; T cell ; T-CELL ; CELL-LINES ; TYPE-1 ; SUSCEPTIBILITY ; ENTRY ; PARTICLES ; virus ; TRANSGENIC MICE ; VECTORS ; VECTOR ; CELL-LINE ; LINE ; EFFICIENT ; PATHOGENESIS ; US ; POLYPEPTIDE ; MURINE CELLS ; REPLICATION ; vaccination ; INFECTIVITY ; cell lines ; LUCIFERASE ; HUMAN-IMMUNODEFICIENCY-VIRUS ; CD4(+) T-CELLS ; ORIGIN ; INHIBITORS ; ANIMAL-MODELS ; THERAPIES ; VIRUS-INFECTION ; HIV ; ANIMAL-MODEL ; USA ; EVALUATE ; IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS ; INHIBIT ; animal ; microbiology ; animal model ; HUMAN MONOCYTES ; viral ; virology ; block ; CD4 RECEPTOR ; SOLUBLE CD4 ; OCCURS ; AIDS-LIKE DISEASE ; animal models ; ENZYME APOBEC3G ; HIV-1 INFECTION ; SCID-HU MOUSE ; VIF PROTEIN
    Abstract: The productive replication of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) occurs exclusively in defined cells of human or chimpanzee origin, explaining why heterologous animal models for HIV replication, pathogenesis, vaccination, and therapy are not available. This lack of an animal model for HIV-1 studies prompted us to examine the susceptibility of feline cells in order to evaluate the cat (Felis catus) as an animal model for studying HIV-1. Here, we report that feline cell lines harbor multiple restrictions with respect to HIV-1 replication. The feline CD4 receptor does not permit virus infection. Feline T-cell lines MYA-1 and FeT-1C showed postentry restrictions resulting in low HIV-1 luciferase reporter activity and low expression of viral Gag-Pol proteins when pseudotyped vectors were used. Feline fibroblastic CrFK and KE-R cells, expressing human CD4 and CCR5, were very permissive for viral entry and HIV-long terminal repeat-driven expression but failed to support spreading infection. KE-R cells displayed a profound block with respect to release of HIV-1 particles. In contrast, CrFK cells allowed very efficient particle production; however, the CrFK cell-derived HIV-1 particles had low specific infectivity. We subsequently identified feline apolipoprotein B-editing catalytic polypeptide 3 (feAPOBEC3) proteins as active inhibitors of HIV-1 particle infectivity. CrFK cells express at least three different APOBEC3s: APOBEC3C, APOBEC3H, and APOBEC3CH. While the feAPOBEC3C did not significantly inhibit HIV-1, the feAPOBEC3H and feAPOBEC3CH induced G to A hypermutations of the viral cDNA and reduced the infectivity similar to 10- to similar to 40-fold
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 17459941
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    Physics Letters A 174 (1993), S. 377-383 
    ISSN: 0375-9601
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1433-7339
    Keywords: Key words Cancer ; Anxiety ; Depression ; Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale ; Psychological screening
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The psychometric properties of the Italian version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and its utility as a screening instrument for anxiety and depression in a non-psychiatric setting were evaluated. The questionnaire was administered twice to 197 breast cancer patients randomised in a phase III adjuvant clinical trial: before the start of chemotherapy and at the first follow-up visit. The presence of psychiatric disorders was evaluated at the follow-up visit using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R in 132 patients. Factor analyses identified two strictly correlated factors. Crohnbach's alpha for the anxiety and depression scales ranged between 0.80 and 0.85. At follow-up, 50 patients (38%) were assigned a current DSM-III-R diagnosis, in most cases adjustment disorders (24%) or major depressive disorder (10%). Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis was used to test the discriminant validity for both anxiety and depressive disorders. The comparison of the areas under the curve (AUC) between the two scales did not show any difference in identifying either anxiety (P=0.855) or depressive disorders (P=0.357). The 14-item total scale showed a high internal consistency (alpha=0.89 and 0.88) and a high discriminating power for all the psychiatric disorders (AUC=0.89; 95% CI=0.83–0.94). The cut-off point that maximised sensitivity (84%) and specificity (79%) was 10. These results suggest that the total score is a valid measure of emotional distress, so that the Italian version of HADS can be used as a screening questionnaire for psychiatric disorders. The use of the two subscales as a 'case identifier' or as an outcome measure should be considered with caution.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1460-9568
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: lntracellular and whole-cell patch-clamp recordings were used to evaluate the actions of different metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) agonists on the synaptic inputs evoked on principal cells of the rat mesencephalon. Bath application of the group Ill mGluR agonists l-2-amino-4-phosphonobutyric acid (l-AP4) and l-serine-O-phosphonobutanoate (l-SOP) did not change the holding current of the cells held at resting potential (-60 mV) but produced a dose-dependent inhibition of the amplitude of the excitatory and inhibitory events. l-AP4 and l-SOP were more effective at inhibiting the excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) than the GABAA and GABAB inhibitory postsynaptic currents (IPSCs). The suppressing effects of l-AP4 and l-SOP were antagonized by (S)-2-amino-2-methyl-4-phosphonobutanoic acid (MAP-4) but not by ±-α-methyl-4-carboxyphenylglycine (MCPG). Moreover, the group II agonist (2S, 1′S, 2′S)-(carboxycyclopropyl)glycine (l-CCG1) and the group I agonist (RS)-3,5-dihydrophenylglycine (3,5-DHPG) depressed in a dose-related manner the EPSC, the GABAA IPSC and the GABAB IPSC. The suppressing effect of the two mGluRs agonists was partially antagonized by MCPG but not by MAP-4. In addition, both l-CCG1 and 3,5-DHPG caused an inward shift of the holding current. To characterize the site of action of the metabotropic receptor agonists, experiments were performed to examine the amplitude and ratio of EPSC and GABAA IPSC pairs. The increase of the s2/sl ratio caused by the agonists suggests that the location of the inhibitory mGluRs was presynaptic. These results indicate that the activation of presynaptic mGluRs controls the release of excitatory and inhibitory transmitters on presumed dopaminergic cells within the ventral mesencephalon.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Science Ltd
    ISSN: 1365-2230
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: A 27-year-old woman with a 5-month history of recurrent erythema nodosum was found to have Hodgkin's disease. A temporal relationship between the two disorders suggested a causative role of the lymphoma. A review of the literature yielded 15 cases of this association, suggesting that the diagnosis of Hodgkin's disease should be considered in patients with unexplained erythema nodosum.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1460-9568
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Using intracellular electrophysiological recordings in dopaminergic (principal) neurons of the rat mesencephalon maintained in vitro, we studied a postexcitatory amino acid response (PEAAR). Under current-clamp mode, bath application of glutamate produced a depolarization that was followed by a hyperpolarization when the perfusion of the excitatory amino acid was discontinued. Under single-microelectrode voltage-clamp mode, an outward current followed the glutamate-induced inward current. The PEAAR was associated with an increase in membrane conductance and reversed polarity at about -85 mV (2.5 mM extracellular K+). The null potential for the PEAAR was independent of the intracellular loading of chloride ions and was shifted towards less negative values (˜23 mV) by increasing extracellular K+ from 2.5 to 8.5 mM. The PEAAR was present in neurons treated with tetraethylammonium (5–10 mM), apamin (1 μM) or glibenclamide (1–300 μM). However, it was strongly depressed or blocked by extracellular barium (300 μM to 1 mM), by low-calcium (0.5 mM) plus cadmium (100 μM) or magnesium (10 mM), and by low-sodium solutions. An outward response was also generated after an inward current induced by the perfusion of the specific agonists for the ionotropic excitatory amino acid receptors NMDA, a-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole (AMPA) and kainate. The PEAAR was not affected by tetrodotoxin (1 μM), saclofen (100–300 μM), bicuculline (30 μM), sulpiride (1 μM) or strychnine (1 μM). In addition, the inhibition of the ATP-dependent Na+-K+ pump by ouabain and strophanthidin (1–10 μM) prolonged the glutamate-induced membrane depolarization/inward current while the subsequent PEAAR was reduced or not observed. Our data indicate that the PEAAR mainly results from the activation of a barium-sensitive potassium current. This response might limit the excitatory and eventually neurotoxic effects of glutamate.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1460-9568
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Intracellular electrophysiological recordings in current- and voltage-clamp mode were obtained from dopaminergic neurons of the rat mesencephalon in an in vitro slice preparation. In current-clamp mode, a time-dependent anomalous rectification (TDR) of the membrane was observed in response to hyperpolarizing current pulses. In single-electrode voltage-clamp mode, a slowly developing inward current (lh) underlying the TDR was studied by hyperpolarizing voltage commands from a holding potential of -50 to -60 mV. lh started to be activated at -69 mV, was fully activated at -129 to -141 mV, with half-maximal activation at -87 mV, and showed no inactivation with time. The time course of development of Ih followed a single exponential, and its time constant was voltage-dependent. At -81 mV, lh activated with a time constant of 379 2 47.6 ms, whereas at -129 mV lh activated with a time constant of 65 ? 2.2 ms. Its estimated reversal potential was -35 ± 4 mV. Raising the extracellular concentration of K+ from 2.5 to 6.5 and to 12.5 mM increased the amplitude of lh while reducing the extracellular concentration of Na+ from 153.2 to 27.2 mM caused a reduction in amplitude of lh. Bath application of caesium (1–5 mM) reversibly reduced or blocked the TDR/lh. Perfusion of tetrodotoxin (0.5–1 μM), tetraethylammonium (10–20 mM) or barium (0.3–2 mM) did not significantly affect lh. lh was also present in cells impaled with CsCI-filled electrodes. When lh was substantially reduced by extracellular caesium (1 mM) the firing rate of the dopaminergic cells, which consisted of a spontaneous pacemaker discharge of action potentials, was not clearly changed. In addition, the holding current in voltage-clamp experiments at -50 to -60 mV was not affected by 1 mM caesium. We conclude that although the lh current is a typical feature of the dopaminergic neurons, it is neither a significant factor underlying the spontaneous pacemaker activity nor does it contribute substantially to the setting of the normal resting potential level of the membrane. On the other hand, since lh starts at voltages lower than or equal to -69 mV (below firing threshold), it may play a modulatory role in the cell's excitability by limiting the amplitude and duration of any prolonged hyperpolarizing events in the dopaminergic cells.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1460-9568
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The effects of glycine on non-dopaminergic cells in rat substantia nigra pars compacta and pars reticulata maintained in vitro were investigated using intracellular recording techniques. Glycine, superfused at a concentration between 30 μM and 1 mM, reversibly blocked the spontaneous firing of these neurons. The inhibition of firing discharge was associated with a hyperpolarization of the membrane (potassium acetate-filled electrodes) and an increase in conductance. Under voltage-clamp experiments (holding potential between -57 and -65 mV), glycine produced an outward response which reversed polarity at about -74 mV. However, when the recording electrodes were filled with KCI, the glycinergic response was mainly depolarizing/inward and reversed at about -43 mV. Thus, it appeared to be due to an increase in chloride permeability. Furthermore, the effects of glycine were reversibly antagonized by strychnine (between 300 nM and 1 μM). Our findings demonstrate that glycine is a potent inhibitory agent on non-dopaminergic cells of the substantia pars compacta and pars reticulata that acts by activating strychnine-sensitive receptors.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    ISSN: 1365-4632
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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