Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract This report confirms and expands on the original preliminary observations made by Bonner and Slavkin that corticosteroid-induced cleft palate in mice is associated with H-2 haplotype. Using three congenic strains, B10, B10.A, and B10.D2, our studies demonstrate that B10.A (H-2 b) is most susceptible and B10.D2 (H-2 d) is least susceptible, B10 (H-2 b) being intermediate. Variation in fetal loss among strains accounts for less than 1 percent of the variation in cleft-palate frequency among strains; variation in H-2 haplotype, however, accounts for more than 60 percent of the variation in cleft-palate frequency. With regard to all possible reciprocal F1 hybrids, our results indicate that while there is a significant maternal effect, maternal haplotype can account for only 11 percent of the variation in cleft-palate frequency among crosses. Embryonic haplotype accounts for 17 percent of the variation, which is indicative of an important embryonic effect. Finally, our studies suggest that susceptibility to corticosteroid-induced cleft palate is associated with the K end of the H-2 complex.
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