Growth hormone-releasing factor
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary Correlative morphological and physiological analysis was carried out in order to clarify the role of somatostatin in the inhibition of the secretion of growth hormone (GH) from somatotrophs of the rat anterior pituitary gland in vivo. Transmission electron microscopy combined with immunogold labelling showed an increased number of exocytotic GH-containing secretory granules in somatotrophs fixed between 2 and 10 min after injection of GH-releasing factor (GRF). Injection of GRF also induced the appearance of immunopositive material in cisternae of the Golgi apparatus, many coated vesicles and multivesicular bodies. Microtubules were observed more frequently throughout the cytoplasm, particularly in and near the Golgi region. At 2 and 10 min after injection of somatostatin (SRIF), both the number of exocytotic figures in the somatotrophs previously stimulated by GRF and the amount of radioimmunoassayable GH in the plasma were clearly decreased. Undulation of the plasma membrane (PM) induced by GRF rapidly disappeared, and the number of granules just beneath the plasma membrane was significantly reduced. After injection of SRIF, parallel bundles of microfilaments were often observed in the space between the granules and the plasma membrane. SRIF did not cause a noticeable decrease in the amount of immunopositive material, coated vesicles and multivesicular bodies in the Golgi areas or any significant changes in the distribution of microtubules. SRIF therefore appears to inhibit hormone release mainly at the level of the plasma membrane, probably through changes in the distribution of microfilaments.
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