Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Accelerated aging is known to reduce seed viability and vigor in many crop species. The phenomenon is due in part to aging-induced lipid peroxidation, which has the potential to damage membranes of the seed tissues. This study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of accelerated aging on germinability and several physiological characteristics related to peroxidation in the seed of two peanut cultivars. Accelerated aging was achieved by incubating seed at 45°C and 79% relative humidity in a closed chamber for 3, 6, or 9 days. The results indicate that accelerated aging inhibited seed germination and seedling growth. Enhanced lipid peroxidation and increased peroxide accumulation were observed in the axis and cotyledons of aged seed. Accelerated aging also inhibited the activity of superoxide dismutase, peroxidase, ascorbate peroxidase, and lipoxygenase. Seed axes appeared to be more susceptible to aging than cotyledons. The changes in germination and physiological activities, expressed as a function of aging duration, were similar in the two cultivars, despite differences in their seed weight.
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