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  • 1
    ISSN: 0031-9422
    Keywords: Medinilla magnifica ; Melastomataceae ; hydrolysable tannin polyphenol oxidase ; phenolic acids ; quantitative determination.
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2015-08-13
    Description: Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer in women and consists of heterogeneous types of tumours that are classified into different histological and molecular subtypes. PIK3CA and P53 (also known as TP53) are the two most frequently mutated genes and are associated with different types of human breast cancers. The cellular origin and the mechanisms leading to PIK3CA-induced tumour heterogeneity remain unknown. Here we used a genetic approach in mice to define the cellular origin of Pik3ca-derived tumours and the impact of mutations in this gene on tumour heterogeneity. Surprisingly, oncogenic Pik3ca(H1047R) mutant expression at physiological levels in basal cells using keratin (K)5-CreER(T2) mice induced the formation of luminal oestrogen receptor (ER)-positive/progesterone receptor (PR)-positive tumours, while its expression in luminal cells using K8-CReER(T2) mice gave rise to luminal ER(+)PR(+) tumours or basal-like ER(-)PR(-) tumours. Concomitant deletion of p53 and expression of Pik3ca(H1047R) accelerated tumour development and induced more aggressive mammary tumours. Interestingly, expression of Pik3ca(H1047R) in unipotent basal cells gave rise to luminal-like cells, while its expression in unipotent luminal cells gave rise to basal-like cells before progressing into invasive tumours. Transcriptional profiling of cells that underwent cell fate transition upon Pik3ca(H1047R) expression in unipotent progenitors demonstrated a profound oncogene-induced reprogramming of these newly formed cells and identified gene signatures characteristic of the different cell fate switches that occur upon Pik3ca(H1047R) expression in basal and luminal cells, which correlated with the cell of origin, tumour type and different clinical outcomes. Altogether our study identifies the cellular origin of Pik3ca-induced tumours and reveals that oncogenic Pik3ca(H1047R) activates a multipotent genetic program in normally lineage-restricted populations at the early stage of tumour initiation, setting the stage for future intratumoural heterogeneity. These results have important implications for our understanding of the mechanisms controlling tumour heterogeneity and the development of new strategies to block PIK3CA breast cancer initiation.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Van Keymeulen, Alexandra -- Lee, May Yin -- Ousset, Marielle -- Brohee, Sylvain -- Rorive, Sandrine -- Giraddi, Rajshekhar R -- Wuidart, Aline -- Bouvencourt, Gaelle -- Dubois, Christine -- Salmon, Isabelle -- Sotiriou, Christos -- Phillips, Wayne A -- Blanpain, Cedric -- England -- Nature. 2015 Sep 3;525(7567):119-23. doi: 10.1038/nature14665. Epub 2015 Aug 12.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Universite Libre de Bruxelles, IRIBHM, Brussels B-1070, Belgium. ; Institut Jules Bordet, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels B-1000, Belgium. ; Department of Pathology, Erasme Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels B-1070, Belgium. ; DIAPATH - Center for Microscopy and Molecular Imaging (CMMI), Gosselies B-6041, Belgium. ; Surgical Oncology Research Laboratory, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne 3002, Australia. ; Sir Peter MacCallum Department of Oncology, University of Melbourne, Parkville 3002, Australia. ; WELBIO, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels B-1070, Belgium.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26266985" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Breast Neoplasms/*genetics/metabolism/*pathology ; Cell Differentiation/genetics ; Cell Division ; Cell Lineage ; Cell Transformation, Neoplastic ; Female ; Genes, p53/genetics ; Humans ; Mammary Neoplasms, Animal/*genetics/metabolism/*pathology ; Mice ; Mutation/genetics ; Neoplasm Invasiveness/genetics ; Phenotype ; Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/*genetics/metabolism ; Receptors, Estrogen/metabolism ; Receptors, Progesterone/metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2018-07-18
    Description: Publisher Correction: Early lineage segregation of multipotent embryonic mammary gland progenitors Publisher Correction: Early lineage segregation of multipotent embryonic mammary gland progenitors, Published online: 17 July 2018; doi:10.1038/s41556-018-0164-6 Publisher Correction: Early lineage segregation of multipotent embryonic mammary gland progenitors
    Print ISSN: 1465-7392
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4679
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2018-09-05
    Description: Adipocyte hypertrophy and lipid dynamics underlie mammary gland remodeling after lactation Adipocyte hypertrophy and lipid dynamics underlie mammary gland remodeling after lactation, Published online: 04 September 2018; doi:10.1038/s41467-018-05911-0 During mammary gland involution, the organ undergoes extensive remodeling. Here, the authors explore the role of mammary gland adipose tissue (mgWAT) in this process and demonstrate that adipocyte hypertrophy and lipid trafficking underlie mgWAT expansion and epithelial regression.
    Electronic ISSN: 2041-1723
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2011-10-11
    Description: The mammary epithelium is composed of several cell lineages including luminal, alveolar and myoepithelial cells. Transplantation studies have suggested that the mammary epithelium is maintained by the presence of multipotent mammary stem cells. To define the cellular hierarchy of the mammary gland during physiological conditions, we performed genetic lineage-tracing experiments and clonal analysis of the mouse mammary gland during development, adulthood and pregnancy. We found that in postnatal unperturbed mammary gland, both luminal and myoepithelial lineages contain long-lived unipotent stem cells that display extensive renewing capacities, as demonstrated by their ability to clonally expand during morphogenesis and adult life as well as undergo massive expansion during several cycles of pregnancy. The demonstration that the mammary gland contains different types of long-lived stem cells has profound implications for our understanding of mammary gland physiology and will be instrumental in unravelling the cells at the origin of breast cancers.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Van Keymeulen, Alexandra -- Rocha, Ana Sofia -- Ousset, Marielle -- Beck, Benjamin -- Bouvencourt, Gaelle -- Rock, Jason -- Sharma, Neha -- Dekoninck, Sophie -- Blanpain, Cedric -- England -- Nature. 2011 Oct 9;479(7372):189-93. doi: 10.1038/nature10573.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Universite Libre de Bruxelles, IRIBHM, Brussels B-1070, Belgium.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21983963" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Aging ; Animals ; Cell Differentiation ; *Cell Lineage ; Cell Transplantation ; Epithelium ; Female ; Homeostasis ; Lactation/physiology ; Mammary Glands, Animal/*cytology/*growth & development/physiology/transplantation ; Mice ; Multipotent Stem Cells/cytology ; Pregnancy ; Stem Cells/*cytology/metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2018-05-22
    Description: Early lineage segregation of multipotent embryonic mammary gland progenitors Early lineage segregation of multipotent embryonic mammary gland progenitors, Published online: 21 May 2018; doi:10.1038/s41556-018-0095-2 Wuidart et al. show that the mammary gland develops from embryonic multipotent progenitors that switch from multipotency to unipotency and express a unique gene signature. ΔNp63 promotes their basal fate and also reprograms adult luminal cells.
    Print ISSN: 1465-7392
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4679
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
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