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  • 1
    ISSN: 1365-2958
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: As an approach for studying how SecY, an integral membrane protein translocation factor of Escherichia coli, interacts with other protein molecules, we isolated a dominant negative mutation, secY-d1, of the gene carried on a plasmid. The mutant plasmid severely inhibited export of maltose-binding protein and less severely of OmpA, when introduced into sec+ cells. It inhibited growth of secY and secE mutant cells, but not of secA and secD mutant cells or wild-type cells. The mutation deletes three amino acids that should be located at the interface of cytopiasmic domain 5 and transmembrane segment 9. We also found that some SecY-PhoA fusion proteins that lacked carboxy-terminal portions of SecY but retain a region from periplasmic domain 3 to transmembrane segment 7 were inhibitory to protein export. We suggest that these SecY variants are severely defective in catalytic function of SecY, which requires cytoplasmic domain 5 and its carboxy-terminal side, but retain the ability to associate with other molecules of the protein export machinery, which requires the central portion of SecY; they probably exert the ‘dominant negative’ effects by competing with normal SecY for the formation of active Sec complex. These observations should provide a basis for further genetic analysis of the Sec protein complex in the membrane.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Keywords: Gene expression ; Nucleotide sequence ; Starch branching enzyme ; Rice seed development ; Promoter
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary The sequence of a rice gene encoding a starch branching enzyme (sbe1) shows extreme divergence from that of the rice gene, that is homologous to bacterial glycogen branching enzyme (sbe2). sbe1 is expressed abundantly and specifically in developing seeds and maximally in the middle stages of seed development. This expression pattern completely coincides with that of the waxy gene, which encodes a granule-bound starch synthase. Three G-box motifs and consensus promoter sequences are present in the 5′ flanking region of sbe1. It encodes a putative transit peptide, which is required for transport into the amyloplast. A 2.2 kb intron (intron 2) precedes the border between the regions encoding the transit peptide and the mature protein, and contains a high G/C content with several repeated sequences in its 5′ half. Although only a single copy of sbe1 is present in the rice genome, Southern analysis using intron 2 as a probe indicates the presence of several homologous sequences in the rice genome, suggesting that this large intron and also the transit peptide coding region may be acquired from another portion of the genome by duplication and insertion of the sequence into the gene.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Biochemistry 30 (1991), S. 500-510 
    ISSN: 1520-4995
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1040-452X
    Keywords: Acrogranin ; Spermatogenesis ; Acrosomal marker ; Sperm ; Testis ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Spermatogenesis is a unique system of differentiation involving cellular remodeling and the biogenesis of sperm-specific organelles. To study the biogenesis of one such organelle, the acrosome, we have been examining the gene expression, biosynthesis, and targeting of specific acrosomal proteins during mammalian spermatogenesis. An acrosomal marker that we recently purified and began characterizing is acrogranin, a 67,000-molecular-weight glycoprotein originally isolated from guinea pig testes. This glycoprotein is detected in pachytene spermatocytes and is found later in the acrosomes of developing spermatids and sperm. Immunoblotting of several tissues and immunofluorescent localization in frozen sections of guinea pig testes suggested that acrogranin was a germ cell-specific glycoprotein that was expressed meiotically and post-meiotically. However, Northern blot analysis demonstrated that the mRNA for acrogranin was ubiquitously expressed in all guinea pig and mouse tissues examined. Furthermore, the primary structures of guinea pig and mouse acrogranins, deduced from the cDNA sequences, reveal that this glycoprotein is a cysteine-rich molecule with a motif that is tandemly repeated seven times, very similar to that of the human epithelin/granulin precursor. We conclude that guinea pig and mouse acrogranins are homologues of the precursor of the human and rat epithelin/granulin peptides previously demonstrated to have growth-modulating properties. © 1993 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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