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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1203
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract We report the case of a family with type I von Willebrand disease (vWD), characterized by a quantitative defect in von Willebrand factor (vWF), associated with a defective binding of vWF to factor VIII (FVIII) also called the “Normandy” variant of vWD. PCR products from genomic DNA of the family members were analysed in the region coding for the binding domain of vWF to FVIII. It showed that the proposita and one of her sons were heterozygous for the Arg91Gln missense mutation, abolishing an MspI restriction enzyme site located in exon 20. The transcription of the normal and mutated alleles was tested by the amplification of cDNA after reverse transcription of platelet mRNA in this region. A total lack of expression of the normal allele was observed in the proposita, who appeared as a compound heterozygous with one allele mutated at Arg91 and a “silent” expression of the other one. The segregation of the “silent” allele was studied in the family with the exonic BstEII RFLP both at the DNA and mRNA levels. The proposita has transmitted her “silent” allele to her daughter and to another son. As this son was informative for this RFLP, the absence of expression of the allele could be demonstrated at the mRNA level, providing evidence that this defect was responsible for his type I vWD.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-1203
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Mutations in the promoter region of the factor IX gene result in hemophilia B Leyden, which is characterized by considerable improvement in the disease after puberty. We have found that distinct nucleotide substitutions at the -6 position in the Leyden-specific (LS) region are associated with a different severity of hemophilia B. The proband (aged 2) from one family is a severe hemophiliac with factor IX activity (F.IXC) and antigen (F.IXAg) levels less than 1.0U/dl. F.IXC and F.IXAg levels in two affected uncles are approximately 30% of normal levels. The LS region was targeted for analysis because the phenotypes suggested the inheritance of a factor IX Leyden gene. An abnormal TaqI digestion pattern was found in amplified DNA from the proband, and sequencing showed a G (-6) to C transversion that was linked to the disease in the family. In another family, two brothers (aged 8 and 9) suffer from mild hemophilia with F.IXC ranging from 7 to 10 U/dl and F.IXAg from 3 to 4 U/dl. They are the only documented members of the family with a bleeding tendency. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis on amplified fragments from one of the patient's genomic DNA corresponding to the 8 exons and flanking sequences of the factor IX gene suggested a defect only in a segment from the 5′ region. This segment showed an altered TaqI digestion pattern, and sequencing demonstrated a G(-6) to A transition that was traced to the patients's mother and a grandmother. The different phenotypes associated with the G (-6) to A purine nucleotide transition compared with a G(-6) to C transversion provide evidence that this area is directly involved in the regulation of the human factor IX gene expression in vivo by binding of regulatory factors. The ability to predict that the conditions of a hemophilia B patient will improve with age has important implications for genetic counseling of the family. Therefore, the LS region should always be included when scanning the factor IX gene for mutations.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: The expression of the von Willebrand factor (vWF) gene by cultured endothelial cells from the porcine pulmonary artery, aorta, and lung was compared at the levels of messenger (m)RNA and antigen. Steady-state levels of vWF mRNA were determined by dot-blot analysis using a partial human vWF cDNA as the hybridization probe; vWF mRNA from cultured aortic endothelial cells, and vWF antigen secreted into the culture supernatants were barely detectable. In contrast, vWF mRNA and antigen from the pulmonary artery endothelial cells were approximately eight to nine times that demonstrated by aortic cells. Levels of vWF mRNA and antigen in cultured lung cells were intermediate of those found in the pulmonary artery and aorta and correlated with the estimated number of cells demonstrated to be of endothelial origin in the mixed cell populations grown from the lung. Differences between the levels of vWF mRNA found in cultured cells from the pulmonary artery and those found in the aorta were maintained in cells processed directly from these vessels. Correlation between the levels of vWF mRNA and antigen in endothelial cells from different vessels of the pig suggests that the differential control of vWF synthesis is at the level of transcription. Furthermore, maintenance in cultured cells of the difference in transcription rates that were observed in vivo suggests that vWF gene expression is not exclusively regulated through environmental factors.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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