strong electric field discharge
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Abstract The plasma synthesis of ammonia has been studied in a nitrogen–hydrogenplasma using a strong electric field discharge at ambient pressure andtemperature. With this method, N2 and H2 molecules are ionized anddissociated and a large number of free atoms, ions, and radicals areformed in a nonequilibrium plasma after inelastic collisions. The finalproduct was mainly ammonia, including a small amount of hydrazine. WhenMgO powder, used as a catalyst, was smeared on the surface of the electrodeplates, the yields of ammonia increased about 1.54–1.75 times andreached 5000 ppm (0.5% v/v). In this way, plasma synthesis of ammonia atambient pressure is realized and a new method is provided for inorganicsynthesis, which consumes little energy and simplifies the process.
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