Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Potato ; Dihaploid ; Parthenogenesis ; Fertilization ; Chromosome elimination
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Seventeen potato dihaploids, produced by pollinating the tetraploid (2n = 48) cv ‘Pentland Crown’ with pollen from Solanum phureja (2n = 24) dihaploid inducer clones, were studied. Since dihaploids are thought to develop parthenogenetically from unfertilized ovules they were expected to be euploid (2n = 24), but somatic chromosome counts showed that 15 of the 17 dihaploids were aneusomatic. Ten of the clones were predominantly diploid (2n = 24) with a proportion of hyperploid cells that contained 25 or 26 chromosomes. Five of the dihaploids contained variable numbers of triploid cells (2n = 36). RFLP analysis was used to determine whether the additional chromosomes were from S. phureja or S. tuberosum. Unique hybridizing fragments present in S. phureja but not in ‘Pentland Crown’ were identified. These S. phureja-specific restriction fragments were present in some of the dihaploid offspring of ‘Pentland Crown’. Of the 5 clones that contained triploid cells 4 had S. phureja type banding. Four of the 10 aneusomatic clones that contained hyperploid cells had the unique S. phureja hybridizing fragments. We propose that ovules of ‘Pentland Crown’ were fertilized by pollen from S. phureja and that the aneusomatic clones were derived from triploid zygotes from which some of the S. phureja chromosomes were eliminated. We consider that this is an additional mechanism of dihaploid formation in potato.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Key words QTL ; AFLP ; Marker-assisted selection ; Barley ; Puccinia striiformis f.sp. hordei
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract  Genome-analysis tools are useful for dissecting complex phenotypes and manipulating determinants of these phenotypes in breeding programs. Quantitative trait locus (QTL)-analysis tools were used to map QTLs conferring adult plant resistance to stripe rust (caused by Puccinia striiformis f.sp. hordei) in barley. The resistance QTLs were introgressed into a genetic background unrelated to the mapping population with one cycle of marker-assisted backcrossing. Doubled-haploid lines were derived from selected backcross lines, phenotyped for stripe-rust resistance, and genotyped with an array of molecular markers. The resistance QTLs that were introgressed were significant determinants of resistance in the new genetic background. Additional resistance QTLs were also detected. The susceptible parent contributed resistance alleles at two of these new QTLs. We hypothesize that favorable alleles were fixed at these new QTLs in the original mapping population. Genetic background may, therefore, have an important role in QTL-transfer experiments. A breeding system is described that integrates single-copy and multiplex markers with confirmation of the target phenotype in doubled-haploid lines phenotyped in field tests. This approach may be useful for simultaneously producing agronomically useful germplasm and contributing to an understanding of quantitatively inherited traits.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Keywords: Key words AFLP ; Barley ; Product homology ; Linkage maps
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Segregation of 850 polymorphic AFLP (amplified fragment length polymorphism) fragments was followed in three different doubled haploid (DH) barley populations, Dicktoo × Morex (DM), Igri × Franka (IF) and Blenheim × E224/3 (BE), which had previously been used to construct linkage maps using other molecular markers. The final maps consisted of 310, 655 and 474 markers, of which 234, 194 and 376, respectively, were AFLPs. A comparison of profiles from the parental lines identified 51 similar-sized AFLPs segregating in both DM and IF populations, 20 in the DM and BE populations and 18 in the IF and BE populations. Eight segregated in all three. Analysis of the complete datasets for each of the populations using Joinmap V.2. indicated that in general terms each of the AFLPs which were polymorphic in more than one population mapped to the same genetic locus. The number of co-dominant markers segregating in a single population ranged from 6% for DM to 12.6% for IF. These results are discussed in the context of using AFLP in genetic linkage and diversity studies.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-203X
    Keywords: Somatic hybrids ; Potato ; Reducing sugar ; RAPD
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary A somatic hybridisation programme was undertaken to evaluate the expression of reducing sugar accumulation in potato. Interspecific hybrids created between the Solanum tuberosum cultivar Record and the diploid species Solanum phureja were evaluated at the morphological and molecular levels. These analyses indicated that the protoplast regenerants were partial (asymmetric) hybrids which had undergone elimination of S. phureja chromosomes. Tubers of the parents exhibited significant differences for reducing sugar accumulation during cold storage with S. phureja having lower levels of glucose and fructose than Record. The somatic hybrids resembled the S. phureja parent in terms of reducing sugar accumulation demonstrating that low reducing sugar accumulation is dominant to high reducing sugar accumulation in these particular genotypes. These results are discussed in relation to the exploitation of asymmetric hybridisation for the production of potato genotypes for the potato processing industry.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-203X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNAs were employed to demonstrate that potato dihaploids generated after interspecific pollination of a tetraploid Solanum tuberosum cultivar (Pentland Crown) by Solanum phureja dihaploid inducer clones could not be of parthenogenetic origin. Of six different 10-mer oligonucleotides, four generated products from total potato dihaploid genomic DNAs which were not derived from the S. tuberosum parent. Gel electrophoresis and Southern analysis indicated that these amplified bands originated from S. phureja. The results are discussed in the context of recent cytological and molecular evidence which demonstrates that potato dihaploids are aneusomatic (Clulow et al. 1991) and emphasises this approach as a general methodology for the detection of alien gene introgression in both natural and cultivated plant populations.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...