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  • 1
    ISSN: 0304-4211
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0304-4211
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1399-3054
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: GA1, GA8, GA17, GA19, GA20 and GA29 were identified by combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometgry (GC-MS) in immature seeds and pericarp of Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. (tomato). Higher levels of these GAs were present in the seeds than in the pericarp; seeds in addition contained GA15, GA24, GA25, and GA44. Fruits of the Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium Mill. mutant I were smaller and contained lower GA1 concentrations, but higher GA20 concentrations, than those of mutants III and IV. In contrast, differences in fruit size in L. esculentum due to position on the truss did not correlate with GA1 concentration in either the pericarp or seeds.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1399-3054
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Potato plants (Solanum tuberosum L. ev. Ostara) were grown in water culture and the growth rate of individual tubers was measured daily or at two day intervals. Tubers of different growth rate and/or different age (days after tuberization) were harvested and analysed for indolylacetic acid (IAA) and abscisic acid (ABA). Within individual tubers the IAA content decreases from the apical to the basal part of the tuber. Tuber age and corresponding fresh weight are negatively correlated with the endogenous IAA content. If, however, individual tubers of comparable age but different growth rates are compared, a significant positive correlation between growth rate and IAA content is revealed, while ABA showed a significant negative correlation with growth rate. Removal of all fast-growing tubers from individual plants causes an increase in the growth rate of the remaining tubers within 3–4 days. This coincides with a particularly steep increase in IAA content. The data support the idea that endogenous IAA content may be one factor responsible for controlling the growth rate (“sink-activity “) of individual tubers.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Physiologia plantarum 58 (1983), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1399-3054
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Hypobaric conditions and treatments with ethylene and the ethylene analogue propylene were used to investigate effects of oxygen and elhylene on 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) content, ACC synthase activity and ethylene production of apples (Malus sylveslris Mill. cv. Golden Delicious). Prcclimacteric apples were stored in air at 6.6 kPa (reduced pressure); 6.6 kPa ventilated with pure O2; 6.6 kPa ventilated with 2600 μl 1−1 C2H4; and in air at 101.3 kPa (atmospheric pressure) for 4 months at 4°C. No ACC synthase activity was detectable in apples stored at 6.6 kPa, whereas ACC synthase activity was induced in apples stored at 6.6 kPa and ventilated with either O2 or C2H4. In a further experiment, preclimacteric apples were stored for 14 days either in air at 20 kPa or at 20 kPa ventilated with pure O2. Both treatments were supplied with 58 500 μl 1−1 propylene from day 0 to day 9 or from day 9 to day 12. Ethylene production of apples treated with propylene from day 0 to day 9 increased earlier than ethylene production of untreated apples. Propylene treatment from day 9 to day 12 did not stimulate ethylene production. Ethylene and propylene induced and stimulated extractable ACC synthase activity and ACC formation of apples. Oxygen enhanced this effect. The results also suggest inhibition of in vivo ACC synthase activity by propylene.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1399-3054
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Changes in gibberellin-like activity and content of indole type auxins were investigated during grain development of the two high-lysine barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) genotypes Sv 73608 and Risø 1508, and their corresponding normal cultivars Mona and Bomi.A peak in gibberellin-like activity was found in developing grains of the normal cultivars about 18 days after anthesis, whereas the grains of the high-lysine genotypes showed a two to five times higher maximum about 3–4 days later.The auxin content of the cultivar Bomi showed a maximum between the 22nd and the 29th day after anthesis, whereas, throughout their development the grains of the mutant Risø 1508 exhibited only about 1/10 of the maximum level of auxin found in the grains of Bomi. The normal cultivar Mona also displayed higher contents of auxin than the high-lysine genotypes Sv 73608, particularly at the later stages of grain growth, but the differences in concentration were considerable smaller than for the pair ‘Bomi’—‘Risø 1508’.It is suggested that auxins play an important role in the development of barley grains.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Physiologia plantarum 79 (1990), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1399-3054
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: The relationships between indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) diffusing out of the fruit and competition among fruits, and between fruits and shoot tips were investigated using apple (Malus domestica Borkh. cv. Jonagold) and tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) plants. Dominant fruits always had more diffusible IAA than subordinated, inhibited fruits. Alterations in dominance – by fruit- or shoot tip removal – led to significant changes in diffusible IAA by the remaining fruits. This change could be detected one day after dominance modification.It is suggested that diffusible IAA is involved in the correlative signal regulating dominance relationship between fruits, and between fruits and shoots in apple and tomato.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1399-3054
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: As known from literature lateral buds from pea (Pisum sativum) plants are released from apical dominance when repeatedly treated with exogenous cytokinins. Little is known, however, about the endogenous role of cytokinins in this process and whether they interact with basipolar transported IAA, generally regarded as the main signal controlling apical dominance. This paper presents evidence that such an interaction exists.The excision of the apex of pea plants resulted in the release of inhibited lateral buds from apical dominance (AD). This could be entirely prevented by applying 1-naphthylacetic acid (NAA) to the cut end of the shoot. Removal of the apex also resulted in a rapid and rather large increase in the endogenous concentrations of zeatin riboside (ZR), isopentenyladenosine (iAdo) and an as yet unidentified polar zeatin derivative in the node and internode below the point of decapitation. This accumulation of ZR and iAdo, was strongly reduced by the application of NAA. The observed increase in cytokinin concentration preceded the elongation of the lateral buds, suggesting that endogenous cytokinins play a significant role in the release of lateral buds from AD. However, the effect of NAA on the concentration of cytokinins clearly demonstrated the dominant role of the polar basipetally transported auxin in AD. The results suggest a mutual interaction between the basipolar IAA transport system and cytokinins obviously produced in the roots and transported via the xylem into the stem of the pea plants.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Planta 117 (1974), S. 329-338 
    ISSN: 1432-2048
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Coiling of intact or excised cucumber (Cucumis sativus) tendrils can be induced by IAA or ethylene. The velocity of coiling in different regions of the tendrils correlates with the capacity for auxin-stimulated ethylene synthesis. Ethylene (Ethephon) induces an increase in membrane permeability of tendrils, and as a result the efflux of substances previously taken up (glucose) is stimulated. It is assumed that this may contribute to the contraction of the ventral side of the tendril. The excretion of glucose after ethylene treatment can be reduced by Ca2+, and calcium also inhibits coiling of tendrils following incubation in ethephon solution. Auxin stimulated ethylene synthesis in the ventral half of the tendril is several times higher than in the dorsal half and it is hypothesized that this may be a cause for the different reactions of the two sides of a tendril following a mechanical stimulus.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Planta 155 (1982), S. 199-203 
    ISSN: 1432-2048
    Keywords: Abscisic acid in apple ; Fruit ripening ; Malus
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Immediately after harvest, abscisic acid (ABA) extracted from fruits of the apple cultivar ‘Golden Delicious’ comprised solely the cis-trans isomer. During postharvest ripening, however, trans-trans ABA accumulated and finally exceeded the level of cis-trans ABA. The two geometrical isomers were separated and identified by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. After purification by HPLC the putative trans-trans isomer yielded considerable quantities of cis-trans ABA, when irradiated with UV light. This isomerization was more rapid than the reverse reaction. The physiological significance of the accumulation of trans-trans ABA is discussed, as well as the applications of these results in the use of trans-trans ABA as an internal standard during the extraction and quantification of ABA from plant tissues.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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