Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    Keywords: NETWORK ; CDNA ; FUNCTIONAL GENOMICS ; PROTEOMICS ; CDNAS
    Abstract: Among the greatest challenges facing biology today is the exploitation of huge amounts of genomic data, and their conversion into functional information about the proteins encoded. For example, the large-scale cDNA sequencing project of the German cDNA Consortium is providing vast numbers of open reading frames (ORFs) encoding novel proteins of completely unknown function. As a first step towards their characterization we have tagged over 500 of these with the green fluorescent protein (GFP), and examined the subcellular localizations of these fusion proteins in living cells. These data have allowed us to classify the proteins into subcellular groups which determines the next step towards a detailed functional characterization. To make further use of these GFP-tagged constructs, a series of functional assays have been designed and implemented to assess the effect of these novel proteins on processes such as cell growth, cell death, and protein transport. Functional assays with such a large set of molecules is only possible by automation. Therefore, we have developed, and adapted, functional assays for use by robotic liquid handling stations and reading stations. A transport assay allows to identify proteins which localize to distinct organelles of the secretory pathway and have the potential to be new regulators in protein transport, a proliferation assay helps identifying proteins that stimulate or repress mitosis. Further assays to monitor the effects of the proteins in apoptosis and signal transduction pathways are in progress. Integrating the functional information that is generated in the assays with data from expression profiling and further functional genomics and proteomics approaches, will ultimately allow us to identify functional networks of proteins in a morphological context, and will greatly contribute to our understanding of cell function.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 14649292
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Keywords: CANCER ; GROWTH ; INHIBITOR ; proliferation ; SURVIVAL ; tumor ; CELL-PROLIFERATION ; Germany ; KINASE ; INFORMATION ; TOOL ; DISEASE ; GENE ; GENES ; GENOME ; microarray ; PROTEIN ; PROTEINS ; transcription ; TUMORS ; RESOLUTION ; ACTIVATION ; DNA ; BIOLOGY ; cell cycle ; CELL-CYCLE ; CYCLE ; ASSOCIATION ; MOUSE ; IDENTIFICATION ; PROGRESSION ; ASSAY ; microarrays ; PROSTATE-CANCER ; STRATEGIES ; DNA-REPLICATION ; REPLICATION ; signaling ; RE ; TUMORIGENICITY ; genomics ; TRANSITION ; DNA replication ; C-ELEGANS ; cell proliferation ; PROTEIN-ANALYSIS ; development ; ASSAYS ; DIFFERENTIALLY EXPRESSED GENES ; high throughput ; HIGH-THROUGHPUT ; LONG ; PRIME ; PRINCIPLES ; REPRESSOR ; ROLES
    Abstract: Cancer transcription microarray studies commonly deliver long lists of "candidate" genes that are putatively associated with the respective disease. For many of these genes, no functional information, even less their relevance in pathologic conditions, is established as they were identified in large-scale genomics approaches. Strategies and tools are thus needed to distinguish genes and proteins with mere tumor association from those causally related to cancer. Here, we describe a functional profiling approach, where we analyzed 103 previously uncharacterized genes in cancer relevant assays that probed their effects on DNA replication (cell proliferation). The genes had previously been identified as differentially expressed in genome-wide microarray studies of tumors. Using an automated high-throughput assay with single-cell resolution, we discovered seven activators and nine repressors of DNA replication. These were further characterized for effects on extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) signaling (G(1)-S transition) and anchorage-independent growth (tumorigenicity). One activator and one inhibitor protein of ERK1/2 activation and three repressors of anchorage-independent growth were identified. Data from tumor and functional profiling make these proteins novel prime candidates for further in-depth study of their roles in cancer development and progression. We have established a novel functional profiling strategy that links genomics to cell biology and showed its potential for discerning cancer relevant modulators of the cell cycle in the candidate lists from microarray studies
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 16140941
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Keywords: Germany ; human ; SYSTEM ; CDNA ; GENOME ; PROTEIN ; PROTEINS ; SAMPLE ; SEQUENCES ; DATABASE ; INTERFACE ; WEB ; TRACKING ; HUMAN GENES ; FUNCTIONAL GENOMICS ; PROTEOMICS ; CDNAS ; SUBCELLULAR-LOCALIZATION
    Abstract: We have implemented LIFEdb (http://www.dkfz.de/ LIFEdb) to link information regarding novel human full-length cDNAs generated and sequenced by the German cDNA Consortium with functional information on the encoded proteins produced in functional genomics and proteomics approaches. The database also serves as a sample-tracking system to manage the process from cDNA to experimental read-out and data interpretation. A web interface enables the scientific community to explore and visualize features of the annotated cDNAs and ORFs combined with experimental results, and thus helps to unravel new features of proteins with as yet unknown functions
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 14681468
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    Publication Date: 2018-08-01
    Description: Canine neuroaxonal dystrophy (NAD) is a recessive, degenerative neurological disease of young adult Rottweiler dogs ( Canis lupus familiaris ) characterized pathologically by axonal spheroids primarily targeting sensory axon terminals. A genome-wide association study of seven Rottweilers affected with NAD and 42 controls revealed a significantly associated region on canine chromosome 5 (CFA 5). Homozygosity within the associated region narrowed the critical interval to a 4.46 Mb haplotype (CFA5:11.28 Mb – 15.75 Mb; CanFam3.1) that associated with the phenotype. Whole-genome sequencing of two histopathologically confirmed canine NAD cases and 98 dogs unaffected with NAD revealed a homozygous missense mutation within the Vacuolar Protein Sorting 11 ( VPS11 ) gene (g.14777774T 〉 C; p.H835R) that was associated with the phenotype. These findings present the opportunity for an antemortem test for confirming NAD in Rottweilers where the allele frequency was estimated at 2.3%. VPS11 mutations have been associated with a degenerative leukoencephalopathy in humans, and VSP11 should additionally be included as a candidate gene for unexplained cases of human NAD.
    Electronic ISSN: 2160-1836
    Topics: Biology
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...