Cerebral amyloid angiopathy
Prion protein β/A4 amyloid
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract An 83-year-old female with no personal or familial neurological history developed progressive gait and speech disturbance and left motor deficit. She suffered intractable seizures and died 3 months after the onset of neurological signs. Neuropathology showed severe spongiosis and gliosis in the cortex and basal ganglia, and diffuse cerebral amyloid angiopathy. Immunostaining for prion protein (PrP) showed intense PrP positivity in areas of confluent spongiosis and some granular staining in astrocytes. The cortical vessel walls stained positively for β/A4 amyloid but not for PrP amyloid. Both types of amyloid were only observed in pericapillary parenchyma, in areas with severe spongiosis. There were only a few tangles and neuritic plaques in the temporal cortex; amyloid plaques were not present either by silver stains or immunostains. There was neither arteriopathic leukoencephalopathy nor cerebral hemorrhage. Immunoblot analysis of brain extracts revealed an abnormal proteinase K-resistant isoform of PrP. Association of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and Cerebral amyloid angiopathy in the absence of Alzheimer changes is unusual. The association of PrP and β/A4 amyloid deposits could have been fortuitous in an 83-year-old patient. An etiopathogenic relationship between β/A4 amyloid deposition and PrP accumulation may also be considered.
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