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  • 1
    ISSN: 1600-0501
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Previous studies have indicated that examination of glycosaminoglycans (GAG) present in peri-implant sulcus fluid (PISF) may be a useful indicator of metabolic activity of the supporting bone. The GAG content in PISF from osseointegrated implants ad modum Bråemark in the maxilla was quantified and analysed. The study comprised 2 groups with 10 patients in each group. In one group the patients wore removable prostheses; in group 2 the patients wore fixed prostheses. The groups were matched for age, sex and function period of their prosthetic appliances. Clinical data were recorded, and the levels of the GAG hyaluronan (HA) and chondroitin-4-sulphate (C4S) were assessed using cellulose acetate electrophoresis and densitometric scanning of Alcian blue-stained strips against known GAG standards. PISF volumes and levels of C4S as potential bone marker showed no significant difference both groups median 0.003 μg). There was a somewhat higher median value for HA (0.015 μg) in the group of patients with removable prostheses compared with the group with fixed prosthesis =0.008 μg)(NS). HA is known to be present in high amounts in gingival tissue. As both plaque index and gingival bleeding were more frequent in patients with removable prostheses, this may be the reason for the somewhat higher value for HA in this group of patients. The difference in biomechanical properties of fixed and removable prostheses on implants do not appear to be reflected in the bone responses as measured by GAG content in PISF.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1750-3841
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Raw and cooked samples of nine different commercial classes of the Phaseolus vulgaris L. species were analyzed for their contents of five water-soluble vitamins and nine minerals. On a 100g dry weight basis, the mean vitamin and mineral values of the raw bean samples amounted to the following: thiamin 0.99 mg, riboflavin 0.20 mg, niacin 1.99 mg, vitamin B6 0.49 mg, folic acid 0.30 mg, phosphorus 0.46g, sodium 10.3 mg, potassium 1.54g, calcium 0.15g, magnesium 0.20g, zinc 3.2 mg, manganese 1.4 mg, copper 0.91 mg, and iron 5.84 mg. With a few exceptions variabilities of these nutrients between bean classes exceeded those within classes. Nutrient variabilities in cooked samples, again with a few exceptions, were higher than in the corresponding uncooked material. Retention values of water-soluble vitamins during cooking between bean classes averaged between 70 and 75%. Retention of minerals during cooking ranged from a low of 38.5% for sodium to total retention for calcium, with the majority of the minerals falling into the 80–90% level.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1600-0501
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The presence of certain glycosaminoglycans in peri-implant sulcus fluid may be an effective means of monitoring changes in bone metabolic activity following initial loading of implant abutments. This study has investigated levels of chondroitin 4 sulphate and hyaluronan in peri-implant sulcus fluid from titanium osseointegrated implants following initial abutment placement and exposure to masticatory stresses. Abutments were placed after a 3-month osseointegration period post-initial surgical placement of the interosseous stage. 10 edentulous patients, each with 5 mandibular implants were reviewed at 2, 4, 6 and 8 days after abutment placement. Clinical details were assessed and recorded and sulcus fluid collected in microcapillary tubes for a 5-min period for each abutment. Levels of glycosaminoglycans were assessed using cellulose acetate electrophoresis and densitometric scanning of alcian blue stained strips against known glycosaminoglycan standards. Maximum levels of sulcus fluid (0.3–1.25 /5 min) were evident at 4 days with a decrease towards 8 days. Levels of sulphated glycosaminoglycans were also maximal at 2–4 days (range 0.03–0.126 μg/5 min) and decreased at 6-8 days. Hyaluronan was detected within a similar range of values reaching maximal levels at 4 days and decreasing by 8 days. The results indicate that glycosaminoglycan levels of peri-implant sulcus fluid is an effective means of measuring and maintaining changes in bone metabolism. The absence of proteodermatan sulphate precludes 1 soft tissues being a source of these markers.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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