Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
SUMMARY1. The effects of DA2 agonist, quinpirole (50 μg/kg, i.v.) and a DA2 antagonist, domperidone (50 μg/kg, i.v.) on the release of adrenal catecholamines were evaluated in the anaesthetized and vagotomized dog.2. Stimulations (5 V pulses of 2 ms duration for 3 min) of the splanchnic nerve at frequencies of 1, 3 and 5 Hz were applied randomly before and after injection of the drug.3. The results show that quinpirole reduces significantly the release of adrenaline at 1 and 3 Hz but not at 5 Hz, while the release of noradrenaline is reduced at 1 Hz but not at 3 and 5 Hz. Inversely, domperidone potentiates significantly the release of both catecholamines at 3 and 5 Hz, but not at 1 Hz.4. There was no change in basal release of adrenal catecholamines, adrenal blood flow or heart rate after both drug treatments.5. The mean arterial pressure was not affected by domperidone treatment but there was a significant reduction in basal mean arterial pressure after the injection of quinpirole.6. There was no change in any of these parameters during electrical stimulation.7. Therefore, these results strongly suggest that DA2 dopamine receptors are present at the level of the adrenal medulla and that their activation could mediate an inhibitory modulation on the adrenal catecholamines release within a certain range of electrical stimulation.
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