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    ISSN: 1365-3083
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: In order to investigate the correlation among cytokine production and antiretroviral therapy (ART), viral load, CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes, 55 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1-infected children on ART or not, and 16 uninfected controls were studied. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of HIV-1-infected children and controls were cultured and spontaneous and mitogen-stimulated cytokines production was quantified in the supernatants. Viral load was quantified using standard molecular assay. CD4 and CD8 T-lymphocyte counts were determined by flow cytometry. Cytokine production by mitogen-stimulated PBMCs showed different profiles in HIV-1 children whether treated or not. The tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α production was higher and the interleukin (IL)-10 production was lower in the HIV-1-untreated group than in the HIV-1-treated children and controls. The IL-2 production was reduced and the RANTES production was higher in both HIV-1 groups compared with the controls. The interferon (IFN)-γ and the IL-5 production was significantly reduced in the HIV-1-treated children compared to the controls. Interestingly, the analysis of the correlation of HIV-1 phenotype with cytokine production indicated an increased RANTES production in relation to nonsyncytium-inducing viral phenotype with slow/low replication profile, whereas decreased IL-10 levels was associated to syncytium-inducing (SI) strains and rapid/high replication. Our findings suggest that AVT changes on the cytokine and chemokine production play an important role in the HIV pathogenesis.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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