β-adrenergic blocking agent
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The influence of endotoxin-induced inflammation on the enantioselective pharmacokinetics of propranolol, oxprenolol, and verapamil, which bind to α1-acid glycoprotein, was studied in the rat. The racemic mixtures were given orally. In the control animals, for propranolol and oxprenolol, the plasma concentrations of the (R)-enantiomer were higher than those of the (S)-enantiomer, while for verapamil the reverse was true. Protein binding and intrinsic clearance are the main factors responsible for this enantioselectivity. After endotoxin treatment, for the three drugs tested the plasma concentrations and the plasma binding of both enantiomers were significantly increased. This effect was more pronounced for (R)-propranolol, (R)-oxprenolol, and (S)-verapamil than for their respective antipodes. The enantioselective effect of endotoxin on the plasma concentrations of the drugs studied seems mainly due to the enantioselective increase in binding to α1-acid glycoprotein. © 1994 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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