Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Potentiometric titration curves of oxidized and reduced horse heart cytochrome c in 0.15M KCl at 20°C have been obtained by timed titration (0.125-0.500 μmol/sec) from the isoionic points (pH 10.2-10.4) to pH 3 and back to the isoionic point. Computer-assisted (PROPHET) data acquisition and blank corrections give curves with good precision with a maximum standard deviation of 0.3 groups for an average error of 1%. The potentiometric titration curve of reduced cytochrome c is reversible within the precision of the method and for the pH range studied. The potentiometric curves for oxidized cytochrome c titrated upscale (pH 3-10) and downscale (pH 10-3) are not reversible. However, they show the same ionization behavior after the initial downscale titration. This is probably the result of a conformational change. Comparison of the data herein reported with the titration curves of oxidized cytochrome c already published by others indicates good agreement on the basis of a normalization of the concentration of protein or on the basis of 25 titrable groups between the acid end point and the isoionic pH.Titration of the 2 μmol imidazole in the upscale or downscale direction gives the correct analytical concentration and pK′ after correction for the solvent titration. Titration of reduced cytochrome c in the presence and absence of an additional equivalent of imidazole gave a difference titration curve, which indicates that a group on the protein shifts from pK′ 5.8 to pK′ 5.3 in the presence of imidazole. The pK′ of imidazole, in the presence of the protein, remains at a nearly normal value of 7.34.
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