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  • 1
    ISSN: 1433-2965
    Keywords: Key words:Adolescents – BUA – Children – Puberty – SOS – Ultrasound
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: We investigated the quantitative ultrasound (QUS) parameters broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) and speed of sound (SOS) measured in the posterior part of the calcaneus at the region of interest (ROI) with the lowest attenuation, using an ultrasound imaging device (UBIS 3000) in 491 healthy Caucasian children and adolescents (262 girls, 229 boys) between 6 and 21 years old. The relation of age, body weight, height, foot dimensions and pubertal stage to BUA and SOS was assessed. BUA increased nonlinearly with age in boys and girls, r 2 being 0.44 (p〈0.001) and 0.57 (p〈0.001), respectively. SOS increased linearly with age in girls (r 2= 0.04, p〈0.001). There was no significant increase in SOS in boys (r 2= 0.01, p〉0.05). Heel width was significantly correlated with BUA (r= 0.20, p〈0.005 in boys; r= 0.27, p〈0.05 in girls) and with SOS (r=−0.19, p〈0.005 in boys; r=−0.08, p〈0.05 in girls). After downward adjustment of the ROI size according to foot length quartiles, significantly lower BUA and SOS values were found compared with those with the standard ROI size of 14 mm. After correction for heel width and adjustment of the ROI size based on foot length, BUA and SOS were significantly associated with age in boys (r 2= 0.36, p〈0.001 and 0.06, p〈0.05) and in girls (r 2= 0.53 and 0.06, both p〈0.001). Tanner stage was significantly correlated with BUA (r= 0.62, p〈0.001 in boys; r= 0.73, p〈0.001 in girls) but not with SOS. BUA but not SOS increased significantly with the number of years since menarche (p〈0.001). In a multiple stepwise regression analysis in boys, age, weight and foot length were independent predictors for BUA, and age and foot length for SOS. In girls, age and weight were independent predictors for BUA and age was the only independent predictor for SOS. After correction for age, pubertal stages and heel width were no longer determinants for QUS parameters in either boys or girls. In conclusion, BUA increased significantly with age in both sexes. SOS increased with age in both boys and girls, but the increase was small and not statistically significant in boys. SOS, as measured with the UBIS 3000 device, may therefore not be appropriate to assess skeletal status in healthy children. Whether SOS and BUA are affected in children with skeletal disorders has yet to be determined. In boys, age, weight and foot length were independent predictors for BUA and age and foot length for SOS. In girls, age and weight were independent predictors for BUA and age was the only independent predictor for SOS. In our opinion, children with small feet should be measured with a smaller ROI diameter than those with larger feet.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1600-051X
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background/Aims: This pilot study was designed to determine the clinical bone formation ability of a human recombinant DNA bone morphogenetic protein-7, also referred to as Osteogenic Protein-1 [OP-1] combined with a collagen carrier, implanted in the maxillary sinus of 3 patients. The results were compared with a group of 3 patients treated with sinus floor elevation and autogenous bonegrafts.Methods: 6 consecutive patients, 4 female and 2 male, between 48 and 57 years of age were treated by means of sinus floor elevation for insufficient bone height in the posterior maxilla for implant surgery. 3 patients, 2 female and 1 male, were treated with OP-1 attached to a collagen device. In these patients, 4 maxillary sinus grafting procedures according to Tatum's method were carried out. 1 g of collagen carrier containing 2.5 mg rhOP-1 mixed with 3 ml of saline was placed between the bony floor and the elevated mucosal lining of the most caudal part of the maxillary sinus, in order to increase the vertical bone dimension to place dental implants of a sufficient length. The 3 other patients, also 2 female and 1 male, with a total of 5 sinus sites, were treated with sinus floor elevation and autogenous iliac crest bonegrafts. After 6 months, during dental implant preparation, bone cores were taken for histology. Thus, clinical, radiological and histological results of the 2 groups of 3 patients were compared.Results: 6 months after sinus grafting with OP-1, in 1 male, well-vascularized bonelike tissue of good quality was observed clinically. This could be confirmed by histology. In the second, female, patient no bone formation was observed at all. A cyst-like granular tissue mass, without purulent content, was removed. In the 3rd, female, patient, who received bilateral sinus grafts, some bonelike formation was seen, however it showed flexible tissue which led to the decision that at 6 months after the sinus grafting, the implant placement had to be postponed. In all 5 autogenous grafted sinuses a bone appearance similar to normal maxillary bone was observed clinically as well as histologically and dental implants could be placed six months after sinus floor elevation surgery.Conclusions: These findings indicate that the OP-1 device has the potential for initiating bone formation in the human maxillary sinus within 6 months aftera sinus floor elevation operation. However, the various findings in these 3 patients indicate that the behaviour of the material is at this moment insufficiently predictable, in this indication area. Further investigation is indicated before OP-1 can be successfully used instead of the “gold standard” autogenous bone graft.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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