Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Xenopus laevis larvae at stage 53 and 55 (according to Nieuwkoop and Faber 1956) were subjected to amputation of one or both hindlimbs and reared either in thyroxine (T4) 2.5 to 10 μg/l or in propyl-thiouracil (PTU) 0.01%. Results have shown that when the limb was amputated through a nearly undifferentiated region (tarsalia level, at stage 53) or through a differentiating region (tarsalia level, at stage 55), T4 accelerated the regenerative process and enhanced the mitotic and labelling indices of blastemal cells, when compared with controls. However, PTU delayed the regenerative process and lowered the mitotic and labelling indices. When the limb was amputated through an almost differentiated region (mid-thigh level, at stage 55), T4 inhibited the conic blastema formation, while PTU did not significatively influence limb regeneration. T4 did not modify the morphogenetic properties of the regenerative blastemata, which are characteristic of the developmental stage and the degree of differentiation of the limb tissues at the amputation level. On the whole, the data show that T4, besides being indirectly responsible for the decline of the limb regenerative capacity in a proximodistal direction by promoting limb differentiation, also exerts a direct effect on the regenerative process.
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