Endogenous opioid peptides
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary The neuroendocrine and cardiovascular responses to endotoxin administration and the effects of subsequent high-dose corticosteroid therapy have been investigated in dogs. Shock was induced in anaesthetised animals by a large bolus ofE. coli endotoxin (5 mg/kg) followed by a continuous infusion (2 mg/kg per hour). One hour after induction of shock, the circulating volume was expanded using a colloidal gelatin solution. Fifteen minutes later, one group of five animals received a bolus of methylprednisolone sodium succinate 30 mg/kg, while a control group of five animals was given an equivalent volume of isotonic saline. The administration of endotoxin produced reductions in mean arterial pressure, cardiac index and left ventricular dp/dtmax, together with increases in systemic and pulmonary vascular resistances. These haemodynamic changes were associated with increases in arterial plasma levels of adrenaline, noradrenaline, cortisol, immunoreactive β-endorphin and immunoreactive metenkephalin. Cardiovascular improvement followed volume replacement and was associated with reductions in circulating catecholamines. No significant haemodynamic or neuroendocrine changes were demonstrated in the 2 h following steroid therapy.
Type of Medium: