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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Industrial & engineering chemistry 50 (1958), S. 141-143 
    ISSN: 1520-5045
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell
    AIChE Journal 2 (1956), S. 148-152 
    ISSN: 0001-1541
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: An investigation using the hexone-water system was made of flooding in a 1-in.-diam. ten-plate pulse column. An analysis of column operation led to the derivation of an equation for predicting conditions of inadequate pulsation and for establishing the amount of liquid recycled under any operating conditions.
    Additional Material: 10 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell
    AIChE Journal 2 (1956), S. 38-41 
    ISSN: 0001-1541
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: A procedure for obtaining equilibrium data and predicting ideal-stage requirements in a complex liquid-liquid extraction system is presented. Preliminary equilibrium data are obtained from a simulated column run involving a series of batch contacts operated in such a manner as to approach steady state countercurrent conditions. The flow ratios and stage requirements for continuous operation are then estimated by trial-and-error by use of a modified McCabe-Thiele method.The procedure lends itself particularly well to those systems with interdependent distribution of the two components. Data for the separation of hafnium from zirconium are presented to show the utility of the method.
    Additional Material: 9 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell
    AIChE Journal 2 (1956), S. 283-289 
    ISSN: 0001-1541
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: The operating characteristics of a Podbielniak model 5,000 centrifugal extractor, having a combined-stream capacity of 450 cc./min. at 5,000 rev./min. and a rotor holdup of 529 cc., were investigated. Variables studied were density difference, rotor speed, light-liquid-out pressure, flow rates, holdup, and number of stages.A technique for holdup determination that comprises displacing either phase in the extractor with the other phase is described and experimentally demonstrated. An equation useful in predicting flooding limits is verified. It is suggested that the effective values of the rotor dimensions in this equation be determined by the behavior of the extractor.A relationship among number of stages, light-liquid-out pressure, and flow-rate ratio is demonstrated by extracting boric acid from isoamyl alcohol with water. With only a few runs this relationship should permit one to map in a family of curves for a particular system and thus rapidly to estimate optimum operating conditions.A procedure is outlined for applying the methods to other systems using similar extractors. First the constants in an equation are estimated from holdup measurements in order to predict flooding limits. Then a few extraction runs are made to estimate optimum operating conditions.
    Additional Material: 10 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 0001-1541
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: The mechanism of solid state polycondensation has been subjected to a fundamental analysis. Equations were formulated for combined diffusion and chemical reaction for two separate situations. One was for solid state polycondensation in polymer flakes or chips. The other dealt with polymer powders. The resultant solutions related molecular weight changes to rate functions. A technique for deriving the rate functions from experimental data is described.Solid state polycondensations were then studied for nylon 66, nylon 6-10, and polyethylene terephthalate. These data which ranged from 120 to 200°C. were tested with various mechanisms. The most appropriate one was found to be that developed in the present work. Chemical reaction was found to be the rate controlling step in solid state polycondensation in nylon 66, polyethylene terephthalate, powders of nylon 6-10 and larger particles of nylon 6-10 at and above 160°C. Diffusion of byproduct through the solid was the rate controlling step for larger particles of nylon 6-10 at temperatures below 160°C. Thermograms of nylon 6-10 indicated morphological changes which possibly influenced the behavior of the larger nylon 6-10 particles. The Arrhenius relation was fitted to the situations where chemical reaction controlled.
    Additional Material: 11 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: The melting points of three polyethylenes differing in molecular weight distribution from 47,000 to 147,000 were determined as 141°C ± 0.5°C by dilatometric techniques. Sample preparation procedures were developed to ensure uniform thermal history prior to measuring length as a function of temperature in a precision dilatometer. The specific volume data were reproducible within 0.02%, reflecting the careful annealing procedure used and the extended time allowed for equilibrium to be attained.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Applied Polymer Science 14 (1970), S. 1507-1513 
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: A dilatometer was developed for studying the compressibility of polymers in their melting range at pressures to 8500 atm and temperatures to 370°C. Temperature was controlled to ±0.01°C and pressures were maintained and controlled by means of a hydraulic deadweight gauge system. The device was sensitive to volume changes of 1 part in 30,000.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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