ISSN:
1432-2234

Keywords:
Coupled cluster theory
;
Normal coupled cluster method (NCCM)
;
Extended coupled cluster method (ECCM)
;
Quantum many-body techniques
;
Electron gas
;
Atomic nuclei
;
Nuclear matter
;
Quantum field theory
;
Quantum hydrodynamics
;
Positron annihilation

Source:
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000

Topics:
Chemistry and Pharmacology

Notes:
Summary What has since become known as the normal coupled cluster method (NCCM) was invented about thirty years ago to calculate ground-state energies of closed-shell atomic nuclei. Coupled cluster (CC) techniques have since been developed to calculate excited states, energies of open-shell systems, density matrices and hence other properties, sum rules, and the sub-sum-rules that follow from imbedding linear response theory within the NCCM. Further extensions deal both with systems at nonzero temperature and with general dynamical behaviour. More recently, a new version of CC theory, the so-called extended coupled cluster method (ECCM) has been introduced. It has the potential to describe such global phenomena as phase transitions, spontaneous symmetry breaking, states of topological excitation, and nonequilibrium behaviour. CC techniques are now widely recognized as providing one of the most universally applicable, most powerful, and most accurate of all microscopicab initio methods in quantum many-body theory. The number of successful applications within physics is now impressively large. In most such cases the numerical results are either the best or among the best available. A typical case is the electron gas, where the CC results for the correlation energy agree over the entire metallic density range to within less than 1 millihartree (or 〈1%) with the essentially exact Green's function Monte Carlo results. The role of CC theory within modern quantum many-body theory is first surveyed, by a comparison with other techniques. Its full range of applications in physics is then reviewed. These include problems in nuclear physics, both for finite nuclei and infinite nuclear matter; the electron gas; various integrable and nonintegrable models; various relativistic quantum field theories; and quantum spin chain and lattice models. Particular applications of the ECCM include the quantum hydrodynamics of a zero-temperature, strongly-interacting condensed Bose fluid; a charged impurity in a polarizable medium (e.g., positron annihilation in metals); and various anharmonic oscillator and spin systems.

Type of Medium:
Electronic Resource

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