Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract MRP8 and MRP14 are members of the S-100 family of Ca2+-binding proteins and are expressed by granulocytes and monocytes. Members of this family have been described to be involved in membrane and cytoskeleton interactions; we therefore studied the subcellular distribution of MRP8/MRP14 in cultured human monocytes at the ultrastructural level. Monospecific rabbit antisera against MRP8 and MRP14 and a monoclonal antibody (moAb 27E10), which exclusively recognizes the MRP8/MRP14 heterodimer but not the monomers, were used in both immunoperoxidase/preembedding-and immunogold/cryotechniques. Comparing non-stimulated monocytes with Ca2+ ionophore A23187-treated cells, we could demonstrate that MRP8 and MRP14 associate with membrane and cytoskeletal structures in a Ca2+-dependent manner. Employing moAb 27E10, MRP8/MRP14 complexes were shown to be translocated to these cellular components. In addition, immunogold double-labelling experiments revealed a clear co-localization of MRP8/MRP14 complexes with the type III intermediate filament vimentin. Analysis of immunogold-labelled cryosections of renal allografts after acute vascular rejection demonstrated that a subpopulation of infiltrating macrophages showed a similar association of MRP8/MRP14 to the cytoskeleton in situ; this finding emphasizes the in vivo relevance of our observations. We conclude that Ca2+-dependent translocation of MRP8/MRP14 occurs to distinct subcellular components suggesting a role of these proteins for the modulation of cytoskeletal and membrane interactions.
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