Key words Complement
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract To avoid destruction by complement, normal and malignant cells express membrane glycoproteins that restrict complement activity. These include decay-accelerating factor (DAF, CD55), membrane cofactor protein (MCP, CD46) and protectin (CD59), which are all expressed on colonic adenocarcinoma cells in situ. In this study we have characterised the C3/C5 convertase regulators DAF and MCP on the human colonic adenocarcinoma cell line HT29. DAF was found to be a glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol-anchored 70-kDa glycoprotein. Blocking experiments with F(ab′)2 fragments of the anti-DAF monoclonal antibody BRIC 216 showed that DAF modulates the degree of C3 deposition and mediates resistance to complement-mediated killing of the cells. The expression and function of DAF were enhanced by tumour necrosis factor α (TNFα) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β). Cells incubated with interferon γ (IFNγ) did not alter their DAF expression. Two MCP forms were expressed, with molecular masses of approximately 58 kDa and 68 kDa, the lower form predominating. MCP expression was up-regulated by IL-1β, but not by TNFα or IFNγ. Expression of DAF and MCP promotes resistance of colonic adenocarcinoma cells to complement-mediated damage, and represents a possible mechanism of tumour escape.
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