phosphate buffer concentration
plasma protein affinity
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The configurational stability of (+)- and (-)-diethylpropion [(+)- and (-)-2-(diethyl)-1-phenyl-1-propanone or (+)- and (-)-DEP] was investigated systematically from chemical, pharmaceutical, and pharmacological aspects. The enantiomeric ratio was monitored directly with a recently developed stability-indicating enantioselective HPLC method.In aqueous solutions, the rate of racemization increased non-linearly with increasing pH and with increasing phosphate buffer concentration. The racemization rate showed a positive slope with increasing temperature and decreasing ionic strength.The racemization rates of (+)- and (-)-DEP in the presence of cyclodextrins (CDs) did not differ significantly. CDs that were added to (+)- and (-)-DEP in a molar ratio 5:1 showed the following effects after dissolution in 10 mM phosphate buffer (final pH 6.7): sulfobutyl ether-β-CD (SBE-β-CD) and methylated-β-CD (Me-β-CD) retarded racemization; whereas hydroxypropyl-β-CD (HP-β-CD), acetyl-γ-CD (Ac-γ-CD), acetyl-β-CD (Ac-β-CD), γ-CD, and β-CD showed a weak destabilising effect. In contrast to the described CDs, α-CD distinctly accelerated the rate of racemization.The configurational stability of (+)- and (-)-DEP was also studied under physiological conditions. The half-life of racemization in heparinised human plasma was for both enantiomers determined to be approximately 23-25 min.In phosphate buffer (10 mM, pH 7.4), rac-DEP showed a high, but unselective affinity towards human α1-acid glycoprotein (orosomucoid) immobilised on silica (Chiral AGP).The rate of racemization of the free base of (-)-DEP dissolved in organic solutions generally increases with the polarity of the solvating agent. Chirality 10:307-315, 1998. © 1998 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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