Key words: 1,25(OH)2D3— Aging — Enterocytes — Calcium uptake — cAMP pathways.
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract. The vitamin D endocrine system has been involved in the impairment of intestinal calcium absorption during aging. Alterations in the nongenomic mechanism of calcitriol (1,25-dihydroxy-vitamin D3; [1,25(OH)2D3] have been recently evidenced. In enterocytes isolated from aged rats, 1,25(OH)2D3 stimulation of Ca2+ channels through the cAMP/PKA pathway is blunted. We have now investigated whether in vivo administration of calcitriol to senescent rats reverses the absence of hormonal effects in isolated intestinal cells. In enterocytes from 20–24-month-old rats given 1,25(OH)2D3 for 3 days (30 ng/100 g bw/day), calcitriol (10−10 M, 3–5 minutes) stimulated Ca2+ uptake and intracellular cAMP to the same degree and protein quinase A (PKA) activity to a lesser degree than in enterocytes from young animals. Significantly higher basal levels of cAMP and PKA detected in enterocytes from old rats were not affected by prior injection of animals with 1,25(OH)2D3. When the aged rats were injected with 25(OH)D3, similar Ca2+ influx, cAMP, and PKA responses to in vitro stimulation with calcitriol were obtained. 1,25(OH)2D3-dependent changes in Ca2+ uptake by enterocytes from both young and old rats treated with calcitriol were totally suppressed by the cAMP antagonist Rp-cAMPS, whereas the response to the agonist Sp-cAMPS was markedly depressed in aged animals. These results suggest that intestinal resistance to nongenomic 1,25(OH)2D3 stimulation of duodenal cell Ca2+ uptake develops in rats upon aging and show that in vivo administration of 1,25(OH)2D3 or its precursor to senescent rats restores the ability of the hormone to stimulate duodenal cell calcium influx through the cAMP messenger system.
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