Bone marrow transplantation
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary Clinical data have suggested that graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) plays a crucial role in the antileukemic effects of bone marrow grafts. We investigated (a) whether bone marrow cells unable to induce GVHD can effect graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) activity and (b) whether such antileukemic capacity depends on the presence of T lymphocytes in the graft. Balb/c mice were inoculated with A 20 cells, a B-cell lymphoma/leukemia of Balb/c origin. Four weeks after tumor inoculation the animals were lethally irradiated and received a bone marrow graft. Cells from (Balb/c × C57) F1 or (C3H × Balb/c) F1 hybrids were transplanted into parental-strain Balb/c mice. Since lymphocytes from F1 hybrids are unable to cause graft-versus-host reactivity against a parental-strain animal, we used this experimental setting to explore GVL effects in a GVHD-free system. In vitro incubation with monoclonal anti-Thy-1.2 antibody plus complement was used to eliminate Thy-1+ cells. After syngeneic transplantation, the death rate due to leukemia remained unchanged (91%) compared with that among untreated animals (86%). Following transplantation of F1 marrow cells of either (C57 × Balb/c) F1 or (C3 H × Balb/c) F1 origin, death rates of 40% and 50% were observed; these were significantly lower. Depletion of Thy 1+ cells from bone marrow graft caused only a slight increase in the leukemic death rate after transplantation of bone marrow of (C57 × Balb/c) F1 hybrid origin (50%), but a high leukemic death rate was seen after transplantation of (C3H × Balb/c) F1 bone marrow (100%). Additional experiments with fully allogeneic, T-cell-depleted C57 bone marrow transplantation suggest an antileukemic effect that is comparable to that seen after transplantation of unmanipulated F1 bone marrow. Taken together, our results indicate that GVL activity can be dissociated from graft-versus-host reaction.
Type of Medium: