Introduction: Nowdays the analysis of gene candidates polymorphisms and formation of genetic risk scores are actively being used in diagnostic and preventive management in arterial hypertension (AH). Hypothesis: The purpose of the research was to analyze and compare the proportion of modified candidate genes (CG) of AH in different age groups by calculating the gene modification index (GMI) for confirmation of the hypothesis of modified genes accumulation through generations. Methods: 182 patients with AH were examined, mean age 44,3 [18-75], m/f=95/87, (ESC/ISH 2018). Patients were divided into 3 groups depending on age: 1st group - from 18 to 30 y.o. (n=48, m/f=27/21); 2nd group - from 31 to 55 y.o. (n=74, m/f=34/40); 3rd group - from 56 to 75 y.o. (n=60, m/f=28/32). Patients were analysed on the the following CG by PCR: ADD1: 1378, AGT: 704, AGT: 521, AGTR1: 1166, AGTR2: 1675, CYP11B2: - 344, GNB3: 825, NOS3: -786 , NOS3: 894. The GMI which represents the percentage of "pathological" genotypes. The GMI from 0 to 20% was considered as low genetic risk (GR), from 21 to 40 % - moderate GR, from 41 to 70% - high GR, from 71 to 100% - very high GR. Results: In 1 group the average GMI was 64,7% [CI 95%, 29-74], with low GR in 2 (4,2%), moderate GR - in 10 (20,8%), high GR - in 22 (45,8%), very high GR - in 14 (29,2%) patients. In 2 group the average GMI was 56,2% [CI 95%, 18-72], 12 (16,2%) patients had low GR, moderate GR was in 20 (27,1%), high GR - in 26 (35,1%), very high GR - in 16 (21,6%) patients. In 3 group the average GMI was 42,4% [CI 95%, 16-71], low GR was in 16 (26,7%), moderate GR - in 22 (36,7%), high GR - in 14 (23,3%), very high GR - in 8 (13,3%) patients. Analyzing data between the groups, a strong significant difference in GMI was between 1 and 3 groups (64,7% vs 42,4%, p=0,002), high significant differences were also between the 1 and 3 groups, especially in the proportion of patients with high GR (45,8% vs 23,3%, p=0,001) and very high GR (29,2% vs 13,3%, p=0,008) in the group of young patients. Conclusions: It was revealed in the research the accumulation of pathological genetic polymorphisms in the population of hypertensive patients through generations. It was found the strong significant difference in the proportion of "pathological" GP between young and older patients.