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  • 1
    ISSN: 1365-2958
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Pyelonephritic isolates of Escherichia coli commonly express P-pili, which mediate bacterial attachment to glycolipids on epithelial cell surfaces. Three classes of P-pili have been defined, based on varying specificity for galabiose-containing glycolipids. Variation in adhesive capacity is correlated with a shift in preferred host, suggesting that host tropism depends largely on detailed specificity for the globoseries glycolipids. In this study we examined the importance of the PapG adhesin in determining receptor specificity. Translational fusions were constructed between the ammo-terminus of the PapG adhesin from each of the three pilus classes and a reporter protein. The binding specificity of the purified fusion proteins in vitro was identical to that seen with whole bacteria. Adherence of intact bacteria to cultured kidney cells was markedly reduced by a monoclonal antibody specific for the Class III adhesin (previously denoted PrsG), confirming the importance of the ammo-terminus of PapG in mediating attachment to a receptor when presented on the eukaryotic cell surface. These results suggest that the detailed receptor specificity resides solely within the amino-terminus of the PapG adhesin and is independent of the complex pilus architecture.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1574-695X
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Helicobacter pylori strains harboring the vacAs1, cagA and babA2 have been associated with ulcer disease (UD). We compared the prevalence of these different genotypes and adhesive properties in H. pylori infected patients with UD in four European countries. Genomic DNA was isolated from 314 H. pylori strains: Germany (GER; n= 92), Sweden (SWE, n= 74), Portugal (POR, n= 91) and Finland (FIN, n= 57). The frequencies of babA2 genotype varied from 35% to 60%. Triple-positive strains (vacAs1+, cagA+ and babA2+) were significantly associated with UD in GER and POR and were closely correlated with UD in FIN, but not in SWE. Classification as triple-positive strains had a higher specificity for detection of UD in GER, POR and FIN than type1 or cagA+ strains. In vitro adhesion assays revealed that Swedish strains showed high adhesion properties and were thus correlated with the diagnosis of UD, although PCR detected the babA2 gene at lower frequencies and failed to show a correlation with UD. This finding appears to reflect allelic variations of the babA2 gene in SWE, although adhesive properties of the strains are retained.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1574-695X
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: A microtiter-based assay was developed to study the binding of Helicobacter pylori to pig gastric mucins purified by density-gradient centrifugation in CsCl/4 M guanidinium chloride. Binding of H. pylori was observed over the ‘mucin’ band as well as with ‘low-density’ components in the gradients, and binding to the latter was more pronounced when incubations were performed at 37°C as compared to 20°C. At a lower pH, binding of H. pylori (strain SVA 40) to the ‘high-density’ mucins from pig antrum was increased but binding to the ‘low-density’ ones was decreased. Binding of the P466 strain (Leb-specific) was mainly associated with the ‘mucin’ band, whereas the MO19 strain reacted preferentially with the ‘low-density’ components. In summary, H. pylori may bind to gastric mucins and the binding is influenced by temperature, pH and the repertoire of bacterial adhesins.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1523-5378
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background and objectives.  Helicobacter pylori shows a characteristic tropism for the mucus-producing gastric epithelium. In infected patients, H. pylori colocalizes in situ with the gastric secretory mucin MUC5AC. The carbohydrate blood-group antigen Lewis B (LeB) was deemed responsible for the adherence of H. pylori to the gastric surface epithelium. We sought to determine if MUC5AC is the carrier of LeB, and thus if MUC5AC is the underlying gene product functioning as the main receptor for H. pylori in the stomach.Methods.  We studied three types of human tissue producing MUC5AC: Barrett's esophagus (BE), normal gastric tissue, and gastric metaplasia of the duodenum (GMD). Tissue sections were immuno-fluorescently stained for MUC5AC or LeB, and subsequently incubated with one of three strains of Texas red-labeled H. pylori, one of which was unable to bind to LeB. We determined the colocalization of MUC5AC or LeB with adherent H. pylori.Results.  The binding patterns for the two LeB-binding strains to all tissues were similar, whereas the strain unable to bind to LeB did not bind to any of the tissues. In normal gastric tissue, the LeB-binding strains always bound to MUC5AC- and LeB-positive epithelial cells. In four nonsecretor patients, colocalization of the LeB-binding strains was found to MUC5AC-positive gastric epithelial cells. In BE, the LeB-binding H. pylori strains colocalized very specifically to MUC5AC-positive cells. MUC5AC-producing cells in GMD contained LeB. Yet, LeB-binding H. pylori not only colocalized to MUC5AC or LeB present in GMD, but also bound to the LeB-positive brush border of normal duodenal epithelium.Conclusions.  Mucin MUC5AC is the most important carrier of the LeB carbohydrate structure in normal gastric tissue and forms the major receptor for H. pylori.
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