Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Summary The pharmacokinetic constants and rectal bioavailability of the narcotic analgesic ketobemidone were determined in six male patients after surgery. Plasma concentrations were measured following intravenous administration of Ketogin® 2 ml, containing ketobemidone chloride 10 mg, and a spasmolytic compound N,N-dimethyl-3,3-diphenyl-1-methylallylamine chloride 50 mg, and following rectal administration of one suppository of Ketogin®, containing ketobemidone chloride 10 mg and the spasmolytic component 50 mg. Following intravenous administration, the disposition of ketobemidone followed a biexponential pattern with a fast distribution phase and a slower elimination phase: the plasma half-life (t1/2β) was 2.42±0.41 h (rodel ± SD). After rectal administration, the disposition of ketobemidone fitted a one-compartment model. The elimination half-life was 3.27±0.32 h. The mean rectal bioavailability for ketobemidone was 44%±9%. The pharmacokinetic constants of the spasmolytic component, N,N-dimethyl-3,3-diphenyl-1-methylallylamine, were also determined in five of the patients, both after intravenous and after rectal administration. The plasma half-life was 3.07±0.53 h and 3.79±1.14 h, respectively. The rectal bioavailability was estimated to be 33%±14%.
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