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  • 1
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    German Medical Science; Düsseldorf, Köln
    In:  50. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Medizinische Informatik, Biometrie und Epidemiologie (gmds), 12. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Epidemiologie; 20050912-20050915; Freiburg im Breisgau; DOC05gmds071 /20050908/
    Publication Date: 2005-09-09
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: English
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 2
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    German Medical Science; Düsseldorf, Köln
    In:  50. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Medizinische Informatik, Biometrie und Epidemiologie (gmds), 12. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Epidemiologie; 20050912-20050915; Freiburg im Breisgau; DOC05gmds127 /20050908/
    Publication Date: 2005-09-09
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 3
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  43. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Rheumatologie (DGRh); 29. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Orthopädische Rheumatologie (DGORh); 25. wissenschaftliche Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Kinder- und Jugendrheumatologie (GKJR); 20150902-20150905; Bremen; DOCKR.38 /20150901/
    Publication Date: 2015-09-02
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 4
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  10. Kongress für Infektionskrankheiten und Tropenmedizin (KIT 2010); 20100623-20100626; Köln; DOCP66 /20100602/
    Publication Date: 2010-06-02
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: English
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  • 5
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  45. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Rheumatologie (DGRh), 31. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Orthopädische Rheumatologie (DGORh), 27. Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Kinder- und Jugendrheumatologie (GKJR); 20170906-20170909; Stuttgart; DOCFA.47 /20170904/
    Publication Date: 2017-09-04
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1437-9813
    Keywords: Key words Children ; Chronic ; multifocal osteomyelitis ; Recurrence
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The authors undertook a retrospective review of the clinical records and radiologic findings of eight children with chronic, recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO). This disease is a recognized clinicopathologic entity with typical radiographic findings, mostly in the metaphyses of the long bones. The diagnosis is one of exclusion without pathognomonic findings. The patients were treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. There was no evidence of altered bone growth or abnormal joint development. It is concluded that CRMO is a distinct clinical entity that is different from acute or subacute bacterial osteomyelitis. Recognition of this condition is important to avoid treatment with antibiotics and repeated operations.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-1076
    Keywords: Pretem infants ; Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids ; Plasma phospholipids ; Red blood cell membrane ; Formula feeding
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The contents of docosahexaenoic (DHA) and arachidonic acid (AA) of plasma and red blood cell membrane phospholipids were studied in 41 very low birth weight infants fed either breast milk (n=18), a standard formula without long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids with 20 or 22 carbon atoms (LCP) but with α-linolenic acid and linoleic acid (n=11) or a formula additionally supplemented with n-3 and n-6 LCP in relations typical for human milk (n=12) after 2, 6, and 10 weeks of feeding. The content of DHA and AA in plasma phospholipids declined in the infants fed the LCP-free formula but remained more or less constant during the whole feeding period in those infants fed breast milk as well as in those fed the LCP-supplemented formula. The differences between the group fed the LCP-free standard formula and the two groups fed LCP-containing diets became significant during the first 2 weeks of feeding. In contrast, there were no differences between the group fed breast milk and the group fed the supplemented formula during the study period. Similar effects could be observed regarding the composition of red blood cell membrane phospholipids, but the differences between the infants fed the LCP-free standard formula and the two other groups with LCP-containing diets were significant only for AA. The data indicate that very low birth weight infants are unable to synthesize LCP from α-linolenic acid and linoleic acid in sufficient amounts to prevent a decline of LCP in plasma and red blood cell phospholipids. Additionally, the data show, that supplementation of formulas with n-3 and n-6 LCP in amounts typical for human milk fat results in similar fatty acid profiles of plasma and red blood cell membrane phospholipids as found during breast milk feeding. Conclusion Supplementation of formula with long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids improves the LCP status of very low birth weight infants.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1432-1971
    Keywords: Key words: Cardiopulmonary bypass — Complement system — Pediatrics — Interleukin-6 — Interleukin-8 — Soluble adhesion molecules
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. The effect of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) on various blood parameters in children undergoing major cardiovascular surgery was investigated in a prospective clinical study. Blood samples of children with CPB (CPB group, n= 18) or without CPB (control, n= 12) were collected before, during, and after surgery. The concentration of routine laboratory parameters, components of the complement system (C3, C4, C5, C1 inhibitor, total hemolytic complement, C3d, and C5a), circulating interleukins (IL-6 and IL-8) and soluble adhesion molecules (sICAM-1 and sE-selectin) were determined. In both groups of patients the serum concentrations of C3, C4, C5, and C1 inhibitor were significantly affected by the treatments (p < 0.001), decreased immediately after onset of anesthesia, were minimal during surgery, and increased thereafter. No significant differences in the kinetics of these parameters were detectable between CPB and control group. In the CPB group the activation of the alternative pathway (increased C3d) was found to be a specific response (p= 0.005), but also in the control group C3d and C5a concentration increased significantly (p < 0.022), indicating complement activation. None of the effects that would be expected after activation of the complement system were specific for the CPB group. In both groups the serum levels of IL-6 increased dramatically during and/or after surgery (p= 0.001), and IL-8 was detectable after surgery in 10/12 control patients. The concentration of sICAM-1 and sE-selectin decreased during surgery (p < 0.04) and later did not increase above baseline. Our data suggest that increased serum levels of inflammation mediators and increased consumption of complement and adhesion molecules occur during cardiovascular surgery. Although complement activation and ICAM-1 consumption are more pronounced in the CPB patients, none of these changes occurs exclusively in the CPB group. We conclude, therefore, that these changes are the combined effect of anesthesia, surgical trauma, and endothelial lesions. Additional, undefined CPB-induced reactions may also contribute the postoperative morbidity.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1398-9995
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background:  It remains controversial whether fatty acid (FA) composition of breast milk relates to development of atopy in the infant. This study evaluates FA in colostrum from mothers of children at high risk of atopy in association with atopy at the age of 1 year.Methods:  The FA of colostrum were analyzed for 218 children (60 with low birth weight between 1500 and 2500 g, 84 with a history of maternal atopy, and 74 with an elevated cord blood immunoglobulin (Ig)E of >0.9 IU/ml). Total lipids were extracted, methylated and separated by gas–liquid chromatography. Laboratory screening for allergic sensitization and clinical examination took place within the Leipzig Allergy Risk Children's Study (LARS).Results:  Low birth weight was correlated with low percentage levels of 20:2n-6, 22:2n-6, and 22:3n-3 (r = 0.14, P < 0.05; r = 0.14, P < 0.05 and r = 0.20, P < 0.01, respectively) and low gestational age at birth was correlated with low 22:3n-3 (r = 0.15, P < 0.05). There was no association between FA and atopic eczema at the age of 1 year. However, high linoleic acid (LA, 18:2n-6) was linked to high specific IgE against cow's milk protein (P < 0.05), and low docosapentaenoic acid (DPA, 22:5n-3) was associated with elevated total serum IgE (P < 0.05) at the age of 1 year, respectively.Conclusions:  The polyunsaturated fatty acid composition of colostrum in a high risk newborn population shows associations with atopic sensitization at the age of 1 year and may be predictive for later atopic disease.
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Munksgaard International Publishers
    Allergy 58 (2003), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1398-9995
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background: Recent cross-sectional studies suggested that highest sensitization prevalences occur with moderate cat allergen exposures. We aimed to assess the impact of moderate levels of second-hand cat allergen exposure on the incidence of specific sensitization and wheezing in the framework of a birth cohort study. Therefore we restricted our analysis to infants without a cat at home since birth.Methods: At infant's age 3 months, cat allergen levels were measured in the mattress dust of 1840 families without cats. At age 2 years, serum IgE specific to Fel d 1 was analyzed. Incidence of wheezing apart from respiratory infection was assessed by questionnaire. Logistic regression models were used to calculate adjusted odds ratios (OR) for the association between second-hand cat allergen exposure and health outcomes.Results: Until age 2 years, 13 of 1301 infants (1%) were sensitized to cat allergen and 56 of 1492 infants (4%) had ever-wheezing without infection. Early exposure to second-hand cat allergen levels ≥ 1 µg/g dust increased substantially the risk for specific sensitization to Fel d 1 (OR 10.9, 95% CI 3.4–35.0) and ever-wheeze without infection (OR 2.0, 95% CI 1.1–3.9) at age 2 years.Conclusions: Second-hand exposure to cat allergen in homes without cats is detrimental in terms of allergy development in infants.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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