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  • 1
    ISSN: 0941-1216
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Organic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Investigations on Adhesion of Pigment Printings by UV-Laser TreatmentInvestigations on the influence of UV-laser treatment of polyethyleneterephthalate and polyamide fibers and foils on the adhesion properties of pigment printings are presented. It could be shown that even irradiation with low energy densities and low number of pulses applied increases binder film adhesion very efficiently. Some interpretations of the laser action upon adhesion improvement related to surface modification are presented.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0003-3146
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Description / Table of Contents: This paper reports the results of UV-laser-irradiations of elastomer fibres under application of varying external tensions on the fibres and under varying laser conditions. It is known that tension as well as temperature fields can lead to these synergetic effects that are supposed to cause the surface structuring by UV-laser-irradiation. Therefore the purpose of the reported experiments was to evaluate whether tension or temperature as the source of the system instabilities eventually lead to surface structuring.
    Notes: Dieser Beitrag berichtet über die UV-Laserbestrahlung von Elastomerfasern unter dem Einfluß verschieden großer äußerer Spannungsfelder und unterschiedlicher Laserbedingungen. Aus der Literatur ist bekannt, daß synergetische Effekte, die als Ursache der Oberflächenstrukturierung angesehen werden, sowohl durch Temperaturwie auch Spannungsfelder getrieben sein können. Daher sollen die beschriebenen Experimente untersuchen, welche der genannten Bedingungen in der Hauptsache zur Instabilität des Systems und damit zur Oberflächenstrukturierung führen.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0003-3146
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Description / Table of Contents: The evaluation of the viscoelastic response of synthetic fibres from stress-relaxation data over a wide range of time at different strain rates is very time-consuming. Therefore, mathematical models are used to describe the viscoelastic response. The characteristic of synthetic fibres is that already at very low deformation rates like an elongation < 1% a nonlinear viscoelasticity has to be considered.Based on the analytical representation of isothermal viscoelastic behaviour by Boltzmann a new model making an assertion to the nonlinear viscoelasticity is proposed. Applying this model, the calculated values of moduli and relaxation tensions of the fibres Nomex® and PEEK are in good agreement with the experimental values.
    Notes: Zur Beurteilung des viskoelastischen Verhaltens von Synthesefasern sind zeitaufwendige Relaxationsuntersuchungen erforderlich. Um zu schnelleren Aussagen zu gelangen, werden mathematische Modelle benötigt. Charakteristisch für Synthesefasern ist, daß bereits bei sehr kleinen Dehnungen < 1% kein lineares viskoelastisches Verhalten angenommen werden kann. Es wird ein auf der Grundlage der Boltzmann-Theorie erweitertes Modell vorgestellt, welches das nichtlineare viskoelastische Verhalten von Synthesefasern beschreibt. Unter Anwendung des hier vorgestellten Modells wird das Relaxationsverhalten der Synthesefasern Nomex® und PEEK beschrieben und ein Konzept zur Messung und Auswertung des Ergebnisses vorgestellt.
    Additional Material: 11 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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