Life and Medical Sciences
Cell & Developmental Biology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
The morphological, ultrastructural, biochemical and electro-physiological properties of B104-F, a clonal cell line derived from a nitrosoethylurea-induced neoplasm in a rat, were studied as a function of the growth phase of the culture. Cells in exponentially growing cultures are mononucleate and produce action potentials when stimulated electrically. Stationary phase cultures contain three types of cells: cells of the first type are mononucleate and have long processes containing microfilaments and many parallel microtubules; cells of the second type are mononucleate but contain no microtubules and few microfilaments; and cells of the third type have ultrastructural features typical of multinucleate, striated myotubes. Multinucleate cells generate action potentials with both sodium and calcium components and are depolarized by acetyl-choline. The acetylcholine response is blocked by d-tubocurarine. The specific activity of creatine phosphokinase is nine times higher in stationary phase cultures than in exponentially growing ones while the myokinase specific activity is unchanged. The gamma-aminobutyric acid content of the cells is 3.5- to 26-fold higher in stationary phase than in exponentially growing cultures, depending on the degree of fusion of the culture. The properties of B104-F are discussed in relation to the properties of developing skeletal muscle and of central nervous system cell lines.
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