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  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Keywords: Candida albicans ; ammonium ; physiology ; medium ; growth
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Candida albicans strain B 311-10 with and without starvation was cultivated in the minimal synthetic medium of Shepherd et al. [18], modified without biotin, aminoacids, low glucose concentration [20] and with decreasing amounts of (NH4)2SO4, to determine the optimal growth requirement for this strain. All the experiments were carried out under sterile conditions at 25 °C in a thermostat with initial O.D.s (675 nm) of 0.500 and 0.100. Cell growth was generally monitored everyday for six days with a spectrophotometer by determining the absorbance of the cultures at 675 nm. All the experiments were repeated three times and a statistical analysis of the data with a probability of 99% and 1% of error was performed to confirm the validity of the results. Best growth was obtained with starved cells at an initial O.D. of 0.100 and with a 0.1 g/L concentration of (NH4)2SO4. At this concentration, the growth of C. albicans B 311-10 was best between the first and the fourth day with the maximum at the third day. With (NH4)2SO4 concentrations of 0.05 and 0.5 g/L, cell growth was the same.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Keywords: Cryptococcus neoformans ; minimal synthetic medium ; physiology ; thiamine
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The growth of Cryptococcus neoformans in a minimal liquid synthetic medium with or without thiamine (10 μg/ml) was investigated. In these media the presence or absence of thiamine had no effect on the development of C. neoformans. To check these results, we performed a series of experiments on a solid form of the minimal synthetic medium. In this study a series of six serial transfers were carried out to starve the cells of nutrients that may have been carried over from their growth on rich media. In each of the transfers on the solid synthetic medium, C. neoformans showed a similar and scarce growth. This finding indicates that C. neoformans could be autotrophic in respect to thiamine.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Keywords: Candida albicans ; Dimorphism ; Germ-tubes ; Starvation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract By incubating starved and unstarved yeast cells in synthetic media with a pH of 4.5 or 6.7 at 37°C the effect of a 3 hours' glucose starvation on germ-tube production byCandida albicans was evaluated. In addition the endocellular content of total carbohydrates, glycogen, trehalose and proteins after and before the starvation were dosed. The most interesting result was the overcoming of the pH-regulated dimorphism, thanks to the starvation treatment. Infact the starved cultures produced germtubes indifferently in neutral or acid media, whereas the filamentation of the unstarved cultures was more copious in pH 6.7 medium. The endocellular content of trehalose and protein was unchanged, whereas total carbohydrates and glycogen showed a shortage after the 3 hours' glucose starvation. The possible involvements of these metabolic changes in the regulation of dimorphic transition are discussed.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Keywords: Candida albicans ; separation of chlamydoconidia
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Different physical and chemical methods were used to detach the chlamydoconidia of Candida albicans from its mycelium. The action of concentrated H2SO4 acid for a 4-min period on cultures lysed both the mycelium and the outer but not the inner wall layer of the chlamydoconidia. The sulfuric acid procedure is recommended as the best method to obtain mycelium free chlamydoconidia because of its simplicity, rapidity and low cost.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Keywords: Candida albicans ; germ tube ; yeasts identification
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract A new minimal synthetic medium, with low amount of glucose, without aminoacids, vitamins and neutral pH, which induces germ-tubes production in Candida albicans, is reported in this work. The results indicate a perfect agreement between the germ-tube test performed with the standard method in human or animal serum and this test performed in minimal synthetic medium. In this medium the germ-tube test for the presumptive identification of Candida albicans can be performed with the same formality, time and reproducibility as those in human or animal serum. This constitutes an interesting finding because it is easy to prepare, to store and is highly reproducible.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Keywords: Candida albicans ; Chlamydoconidia ; DAPI ; Nucleus
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract By using the fluorescent, DNA specific stain DAPI (4′,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole) some microscopic observations ofCandida albicans pseudomycelium and chlamydoconidia were performed. In this manner blue fluorescent dots were noted both in yeasts, psudomycelium and chlamydoconidia, so evidencing the presence of a nucleus inC. albicans chlamydoconidia.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Keywords: Ammonium ion ; Candida albicans ; Protein production ; RNA production
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Candida albicans starved cells were incubated in minimal synthetic liquid media containing different concentrations of ammonium sulphate (0.00, 0.02, 0.05, 0.10, 0.03, 0.50 g/L). Culture growth was monitored by measuring daily the optical density and by evaluating RNA and protein cellular content after 48 and 96 hours from the inoculum. The environmental availability of ammonium ion influenced the biomass production, that was maximum when its concentration was 0.10 and 0.30 g/L. In addition, an effect on cell duplication time was observed, this was particularly evident when the (NH4)2SO4 concentration was 0.10 g/L. The protein content increased in relation to the increase of ammonium ion availability, with a peak in correspondence to 0.30 g/L and a drop when the greatest concentrations were employed. RNA production was inversely proportional in respect to protein production. The optimal range of ammonium sulphate concentration forC. albicans growth was 0.10–0.30 g/L; over these concentrations there was an inhibitory effect. The rate of the protein and RNA syntheses seems to indicate the growth phase and the nitrogen nutritional conditions of the cultures, respectively.
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