Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    Abstract: BACKGROUND: Hormone and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) receptors are the most important breast cancer biomarkers, and additional objective and quantitative test methods such as messenger RNA (mRNA)-based quantitative analysis are urgently needed. In this study, we investigated the clinical validity of RT-PCR-based evaluation of estrogen receptor (ESR1) and HER2 mRNA expression. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 1050 core biopsies from two retrospective (GeparTrio, GeparQuattro) and one prospective (PREDICT) neoadjuvant studies were evaluated by quantitative RT-PCR for ESR1 and HER2. RESULTS: ESR1 mRNA was significantly predictive for reduced response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in univariate and multivariate analysis in all three cohorts. The complete pathologically documented response (pathological complete response, pCR) rate for ESR1+/HER2- tumors was 7.3%, 8.0% and 8.6%; for ESR1-/HER2- tumors it was 34.4%, 33.7% and 37.3% in GeparTrio, GeparQuattro and PREDICT, respectively (P 〈 0.001 in each cohort). In the Kaplan-Meier analysis in GeparTrio patients with ESR1+/HER2- tumors had the best prognosis, compared with ESR1-/HER2- and ESR1-/HER2+ tumors [disease-free survival (DFS): P 〈 0.0005, overall survival (OS): P 〈 0.0005]. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that mRNA levels of ESR1 and HER2 predict response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and are significantly associated with long-term outcome. As an additional option to standard immunohistochemistry and gene-array-based analysis, quantitative RT-PCR analysis might be useful for determination of the receptor status in breast cancer.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 23131391
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Keywords: GROWTH ; proliferation ; TISSUE ; ACID ; SPECTROMETRY ; MAMMALIAN-CELLS ; aerobic glycolysis ; 2-hydroxyglutarate ; METABOLIC TRANSFORMATION ; GLUTAMINASE
    Abstract: Exogenous glutamine is an important source of energy and molecular building blocks for many tumors. There is a renewed interest in therapeutically targeting glutamine metabolism due to the recent discovery of two novel glutaminase inhibitors. To quantify the dysregulation of the glutamate-glutamine equilibrium in breast cancer, metabolomics analysis of 270 clinical breast cancer and 97 normal breast samples was carried out using gas chromatography combined with time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Positive correlation between glutamate and glutamine in normal breast tissues switched to negative correlation between glutamate and glutamine in breast cancer tissues. Compared with the ratio of glutamate to glutamine in normal tissues, we found 56% of the ER+ tumor tissues and 88% of the ER- tumor tissues glutamate-enriched. The glutamate-to-glutamine ratio (GGR) significantly correlated with ER status (p = 8.0E-09) and with tumor grade (p = 3.3E-05). Higher levels of GGR were associated with prolonged overall survival in univariate analysis (HR = 0.77, p = 0.027) and in multivariate analysis (HR = 0.73, p = 0.038). GGR levels were reflected in an unsupervised clustering of metabolomics profiles. In a supervised analysis of metabolomics data and of genome-wide expression data, replacement of GGR by metabolite surrogate markers was feasible, while replacement of GGR by RNA markers had a limited accuracy. Functional analysis of the gene expression data showed negative correlation between glutamate enrichment and activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) pathway. Our findings may have important implications for patient stratification related to utilization of glutaminase inhibitors.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 25155347
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Keywords: GENOME
    Abstract: MOTIVATION: Semiconductor sequencing directly translates chemically encoded information (A, C, G or T) into voltage signals that are detected by a semiconductor device. Changes of pH value and thereby of the electric potential in the reaction well are detected during strand synthesis from nucleotides provided in cyclic repeated flows for each type of nucleotide. To minimize time requirement and costs, it is necessary to know the number of flows that are required for complete coverage of the templates. RESULTS: We calculate the number of required flows in a random sequence model and present exact expressions for cumulative distribution function, expected value and variance. Additionally, we provide an algorithm to calculate the number of required flows for a concrete list of amplicons using a BED file of genomic positions as input. We apply the algorithm to calculate the number of flows that are required to cover six amplicon panels that are used for targeted sequencing in cancer research. The upper bounds obtained for the number of flows allow to enhance the instrument throughput from two chips to three chips per day for four of these panels. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: The algorithm for calculation of the flows was implemented in R and is available as package ionflows from the CRAN repository. CONTACT: jan.budczies@charite.de SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 25480372
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    Abstract: Increased proliferation is a hallmark of malignant tumors. The proliferation marker Ki67 has been investigated as a breast cancer biomarker, but despite 32 years of research the best cutpoints and the best methods for determination are still under debate. This review is based on an overview on the efforts to standardize Ki67 and to optimize its performance that was presented at the St. Gallen oncology conference 2015. The clinical validity of Ki67 as a prognostic marker as well as a predictive marker (in the neoadjuvant setting) has been shown in several meta-analyses. Depending on cohort characteristics, molecular subtype and clinical setting, Ki67 is a prognostic marker, a predictive marker, or both. Many different cutpoints for Ki67 have been reported, but it is has not been possible to determine an evidence-based "optimal" cutpoint. This supports the view that Ki67 is continuous marker, reflecting the continuous variation of the proliferation rate in different tumors. We should probably stop looking for an "optimal" cutpoint for Ki67 because it simply does not exist. It is evident from the results of several ring trials that intermediate levels of Ki67 are particularly difficult for standardization. Due to the low analytical validity in the intermediate range as well as intratumoral heterogeneity, the clinical utility of intermediate Ki67 levels is limited. Clinical decisions should not be based on small differences in the intermediate range and additional molecular tests might be necessary for tumors with intermediate Ki67 levels. For the two groups of tumors with a very low or a very high Ki67 a clinical interpretation could be straightforward. Despite these limitations, the assessment of proliferation is a central parameter for tumor characterization and an important element of the pathological assessment.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 26283598
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    Abstract: Inhibition of the PD-L1 (CD274) - PD-1 axis has emerged as a powerful cancer therapy that prevents evasion of tumor cells from the immune system. While immunohistochemical detection of PD-L1 was introduced as a predictive biomarker with variable power, much less is known about copy number alterations (CNA) affecting PD-L1 and their associations with expression levels, mutational load, and survival. To gain insight, we employed The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) datasets to comprehensively analyze 22 major cancer types for PD-L1 CNAs. We observed a diverse landscape of PD-L1 CNAs, which affected focal regions, chromosome 9p or the entire chromosome 9. Deletions of PD-L1 were more frequent than gains (31% vs. 12%) with deletions being most prevalent in melanoma and non-small cell lung cancer. Copy number gains most frequently occurred in ovarian cancer, head and neck cancer, bladder cancer, cervical and endocervical cancer, sarcomas, and colorectal cancers. Fine-mapping of the genetic architecture revealed specific recurrently amplified and deleted core regions across cancers with putative biological and clinical consequences. PD-L1 CNAs correlated significantly with PD-L1 mRNA expression changes in many cancer types, and tumors with PD-L1 gains harbored significantly higher mutational load compared to non-amplified cases (median: 78 non-synonymous mutations vs. 40, P = 7.1e-69). Moreover, we observed that, in general, both PD-L1 amplifications and deletions were associated with dismal prognosis. In conclusion, PD-L1 CNAs, in particular PD-L1 copy number gains, represent frequent genetic alterations across many cancers, which influence PD-L1 expression levels, are associated with higher mutational loads, and may be exploitable as predictive biomarker for immunotherapy regimens. (c) 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 27106868
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    Abstract: Identification of the tissue of origin in cancer of unknown primary (CUP) poses a diagnostic challenge and is critical for directing site-specific therapy. Currently, clinical decision-making in patients with CUP primarily relies on histopathology and clinical features. Comprehensive molecular profiling has the potential to contribute to diagnostic categorization and, most importantly, guide CUP therapy through identification of actionable lesions. We here report the case of an advanced-stage malignancy initially mimicking poorly differentiated soft-tissue sarcoma that did not respond to multiagent chemotherapy. Molecular profiling within a clinical whole-exome and transcriptome sequencing program revealed a heterozygous, highly amplified KRAS G12S mutation, compound-heterozygous TP53 mutation/deletion, high mutational load, and focal high-level amplification of Chromosomes 9p (including PDL1 [CD274] and JAK2) and 10p (including GATA3). Integrated analysis of molecular data and histopathology provided a rationale for immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy with pembrolizumab, which resulted in rapid clinical improvement and a lasting partial remission. Histopathological analyses ruled out sarcoma and established the diagnosis of a poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. Although neither histopathology nor molecular data were able to pinpoint the tissue of origin, our analyses established several differential diagnoses including triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). We analyzed 157 TNBC samples from The Cancer Genome Atlas, revealing PDL1 copy number gains coinciding with excessive PDL1 mRNA expression in 24% of cases. Collectively, these results illustrate the impact of multidimensional tumor profiling in cases with nondescript histology and immunophenotype, show the predictive potential of PDL1 amplification for immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), and suggest a targeted therapeutic strategy in Chromosome 9p24.1/PDL1-amplified cancers.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 27900363
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    Abstract: Multiple independent studies have shown that tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) are prognostic in breast cancer with potential relevance for response to immune-checkpoint inhibitor therapy. Although many groups are currently evaluating TIL, there is no standardized system for diagnostic applications. This study reports the results of two ring studies investigating TIL conducted by the International Working Group on Immuno-oncology Biomarkers. The study aim was to determine the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) for evaluation of TIL by different pathologists. A total of 120 slides were evaluated by a large group of pathologists with a web-based system in ring study 1 and a more advanced software-system in ring study 2 that included an integrated feedback with standardized reference images. The predefined aim for successful ring studies 1 and 2 was an ICC above 0.7 (lower limit of 95% confidence interval (CI)). In ring study 1 the prespecified endpoint was not reached (ICC: 0.70; 95% CI: 0.62-0.78). On the basis of an analysis of sources of variation, we developed a more advanced digital image evaluation system for ring study 2, which improved the ICC to 0.89 (95% CI: 0.85-0.92). The Fleiss' kappa value for 〈60 vs 〉/=60% TIL improved from 0.45 (ring study 1) to 0.63 in RS2 and the mean concordance improved from 88 to 92%. This large international standardization project shows that reproducible evaluation of TIL is feasible in breast cancer. This opens the way for standardized reporting of tumor immunological parameters in clinical studies and diagnostic practice. The software-guided image evaluation approach used in ring study 2 may be of value as a tool for evaluation of TIL in clinical trials and diagnostic practice. The experience gained from this approach might be applicable to the standardization of other diagnostic parameters in histopathology.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 27363491
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    Abstract: HER2-positive breast cancers are a heterogeneous group of tumors, which share amplification and overexpression of HER2. In routine diagnostics, the HER2 (ERBB2) status is currently assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and in situ hybridization (ISH). Data on targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) approaches that could be used to determine the HER2 status are sparse. Employing two breast cancer-related gene panels, we performed targeted NGS of 41 FFPE breast cancers for which full pathological work-up including ISH and IHC results was available. Selected cases were analyzed by qPCR. Of the 41 cases, the HER2 status of the 4 HER2-positive and 6 HER2-negative tumors was independently detected by our NGS approach achieving a concordance rate of 100%. The remaining 31 cases were equivocal HER2 cases by IHC of which 5 showed amplification of HER2 by ISH. Our NGS approach classified all non-amplified cases correctly as HER2 negative and corroborated all but one of the 5 cases with amplified HER2 as detected by ISH. For the overall cohort, concordance between the gold standard and NGS was 97.6% (sensitivity 88.9% and specificity 100%). Additionally, we observed mutations in PIK3CA (44%), HER2 (8%), and CDH1 (6%) among others. Amplifications were found in CCND1 (12%), followed by MYC (10%) and EGFR (2%) and deletions in CDKN2A (10%), MAP2K4 and PIK3R1 (2% each). We here show that targeted NGS data can be used to interrogate the HER2 status with high specificity and high concordance with gold standard methods. Moreover, this approach identifies additional genetic events that may be clinically exploitable. (c) 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 27792260
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    Abstract: BACKGROUND: In breast cancer, the role of epigenetic alterations including modifications of the acetylation status of histones in carcinogenesis has been an important research focus during the last years. An increased deacetylation of histones leads to increased cell proliferation, cell migration, angiogenesis and invasion. Class 1 histone deacetylases (HDAC) seem to be most important during carcinogenesis. METHODS: The immunhistochemical expression of HDAC1, 2 and 3 was analyzed on tissue microarrays (TMAs) from 238 patients with primary breast cancer. We analyzed the nuclear staining intensity (negative, weak, moderate, strong) as well as the percentage of positive tumor cells and calculated the immunoreactivity score (0-12). Expression was correlated with clinicopathological parameters and patient survival. RESULTS: In this cohort, we found a differential positive expression of HDAC1, HDAC2 and HDAC3. HDAC2 and HDAC3 expression was significantly higher in less differentiated tumors: HDAC2 (n=207), p〈0.001 and HDAC3 (n=220), p〈0.001 and correlated with negative hormone receptor status: HDAC2 (n=206), p=0.02 and HDAC3 (n=219), p=0.04. Additionally, a high HDAC2 expression was significantly associated with an overexpression of HER2 (n=203, p=0.005) and the presence of nodal metastasis (n=200, p=0.04).HDAC1 was highly expressed in hormone receptor positive tumors (n=203; p〈0.001). CONCLUSION: As a conclusion, our results show that the class-1 HDAC isoenzymes 1, 2 and 3 are differentially expressed in breast cancer. HDAC2 and HDAC3 are strongly expressed in subgroups of tumor with features of a more aggressive tumor type.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 23627572
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    Abstract: BACKGROUND: Analysis of genome-wide data is often carried out using standard methods such as differential expression analysis, clustering analysis and heatmaps. Beyond that, differential correlation analysis was suggested to identify changes in the correlation patterns between disease states. The detection of differential correlation is a demanding task, as the number of entries in the gene-by-gene correlation matrix is large. Currently, there is no gold standard for the detection of differential correlation and statistical validation. RESULTS: We developed two untargeted algorithms (DCloc and DCglob) that identify differential correlation patterns by comparing the local or global topology of correlation networks. Construction of networks from correlation structures requires fixing of a correlation threshold. Instead of a single cutoff, the algorithms systematically investigate a series of correlation thresholds and permit to detect different kinds of correlation changes at the same level of significance: strong changes of a few genes and moderate changes of many genes. Comparing the correlation structure of 208 ER- breast carcinomas and 208 ER+ breast carcinomas, DCloc detected 770 differentially correlated genes with a FDR of 12.8%, while DCglob detected 630 differentially correlated genes with a FDR of 12.1%. In two-fold cross-validation, the reproducibility of the list of the top 5% differentially correlated genes in 140 ER- tumors and in 140 ER+ tumors was 49% for DCloc and 33% for DCglob. CONCLUSIONS: We developed two correlation network topology based algorithms for the detection of differential correlations in different disease states. Clusters of differentially correlated genes could be interpreted biologically and included the marker genes hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (PGDH) and acyl-CoA synthetase medium chain 1 (ACSM1) of invasive apocrine carcinomas that were differentially correlated, but not differentially expressed. Using random subsampling and cross-validation, DCloc and DCglob were shown to identify specific and reproducible lists of differentially correlated genes.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 23945349
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...