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  • 1
    ISSN: 1525-1438
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The effect of chemotherapy on the different components of uterine and ovarian carcinosarcoma is largely unknown. This report describes six patients with advanced carcinosarcoma, five of whom received 4 cycles of doxorubicin and ifosfamide (AI) directed at the sarcomatous component of the tumor. Responses in these five patients at second-look laparotomy were: one complete response, two partial responses (persistence of only the carcinomatous component), one stable disease, and one progressive disease (both components still present in both cases). Thereafter 4 cycles of a cisplatin-based regimen were scheduled. Response to the cisplatin-containing regimen was only evaluated clinically. The sixth patient (with no macroscopic disease left after initial surgery) received 6 cycles of a cisplatin-based chemotherapy from the onset and was found to be in complete response at relaparotomy. Median progression-free survival for all patients was 15 months and median survival 21 months. A literature survey showed that carcinosarcoma differs from adult soft tissue sarcomas with respect to responsiveness to chemotherapy. Cisplatin and ifosfamide are active as single agents, whereas the response to single-agent doxorubicin seems to be lower. The data suggest, however, that superior response rates and increased survival times are achieved with cisplatin/doxorubicin-based chemotherapy. The sensitivity of carcinosarcoma to cisplatin supports the recent view that carcinosarcoma of the female genital tract is possibly a high grade carcinoma with metaplastic sarcomatous elements.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1525-1438
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Safety and feasibility of tumor targeting with radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies was studied in 28 patients suspected of having ovarian carcinoma, after i.v. administration of 1 mg F(ab′)2 fragments of the murine monoclonal antibody OV-TL 3, labeled with 150 MBq Indium-111. There were no adverse reactions, hematological and biochemical serum parameters were stable. In one patient a (subclinical) HAMA-response was found. Plasma clearance of the immunoconjugate was biphasic with half lives of t½}α = 1.4±0.8 h and t½}β = 25.1±3.7 h, resulting in an optimal time period for immunoscintigraphy at 24–48 h after administration. In 20 patients, undergoing extensive explorative surgery, a total of 271 samples of tumorous and normal tissues were analyzed for radiolabel uptake and tumor presence. The mean uptake in tumor deposits was 5.6 times (range 2.2–19.3) as high as the uptake in normal tissues (fat, peritoneum, muscle, skin). The diagnostic accuracy of immunosctigraphy was compared with that obtained with computer tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasonography and physical examination. While pelvic localizations were equally well detected by all methods, 48% of the abdominally located tumor deposits were correctly diagnosed by immunoscintigraphy, with only 12% detected by ultrasonography, 8% by CT-scanning and physical examination, and 6% by MRI. Immunoscintigraphy has potential as a diagnostic tool in ovarian cancer patients and biolocalization results justify further research into the therapeutic application of labeled monoclonal antibodies.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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