Two-dimensional polyacryl-amide gel electrophoresis
Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The master two-dimensional gel database (D. Burggraf et al., Electrophoresis 1992, 13, 729-732)  of common human proteins has been expanded to include detailed protein characteristics. Human cellular proteins from 5 cell lines and different cell organelles representing various tissues (muscle, nervous, connective, epithelial blood) and germ layers (ectoderm, endoderm and mesoderm), were separated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE). According to a recently developed algorithm, master gels of these different cells were established by computer-aided image processing. An expanded map with protein-chemical information of the polypeptides common to all human cells is shown. The synthetic, common human protein-map represents 856 spots resolved with an accuracy of 4 cm/pI unit. The protein spots were characterized either by their isoelectric point, molecular mass, integrated intensity, background-corrected optical density, spot area, or cellular distribution. About 80 proteins were further characterized and identified by protein name, amino acid composition analysis, N-terminal sequencing, enzymatic digest and subsequent peptide sequencing. Additionally the proteins of the common human protein map were identified by Western blotting. Specific information regarding glycosylation and quantitation of expression levels after chemical, biological and mechanical stimulation is included in the database.
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