Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 1619-1560
    Keywords: Adie's syndrome ; Hypohidrosis ; Harlequin syndrome ; Benign areflexia
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract A 45-Year-Old woman presented with a 10 year history of asymmetrical facial flushing and sweating after exertion or in hot weather. During these episodes the right side of her face remained dry and white, while the left side normally flushed. Sweating was impaired on the left side in the limbs and trunk. She also had areflexia in the lower limbs and slow pupillary reactions to light and darkness, as seen in Adie's syndrome. The topography of the sweating disorder suggested that the lesion involved the sympathetic pathways at the level of spinal cord. The relationship with the harlequin syndrome and related disorders is discussed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-1459
    Keywords: Herpes simplex virus encephalitis ; Amygdala Hippocampus ; Magnetic resonance imaging
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The long-term neuropsychological and psychiatric sequelae of herpes simplex virus encephalitis (HSVE) and their relationship to the volume of temporal lesions and to amygdala and hippocampus damage remain undefined. We have conducted a prospective study of longterm sequelae in 11 patients with clinically presumed HSVE and detection of HSV DNA in the cerebrospinal fluid by polymerase chain reaction. Six months after encephalitis, patients underwent neuropsychological and language assessment. At the same stage, single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) evaluated the occurrence of hypoperfusion with an index of asymmetry. MRI was used for the measurement of amygdala, hippocampus and cerebral lesions by two blind neurologists. The volume of the amygdala and hippocampus was compared with those of five controls, matched for age and level of education. Longterm memory disorders were seen in 6 patients, associated with the larger lesions and damage of at least two structures. Long-term behavioural changes with emotionalism, irritability, anxiety or depression were prominent in 7. Left prefrontal hypoperfusion appeared in 8 patients, associated with psychiatric disorders in 7 and left amygdala damage in 6. The reduction of amygdala and hippocampus volume was correlated with the overall volume of lesions. Different patterns of mesial temporal lobe damage occurred, involving either amygdala alone, or amygdala and hippocampus, but never hippocampus alone. MRI volumetric measurements in HSVE could be a good indicator of long-term prognosis. Persistant behavioural changes could be related to an amygdala and frontal dysfunction.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-1920
    Keywords: Marchiafava-Bignami disease ; Corpus callosum Demyelination ; Gadolinium
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract We report two cases of Marchiafava-Bignami disease studied by CT and MRI. Both patients displayed persistent confusion and a disconnection syndrome but had a favourable outcome. In both cases, CT with intravenous contrast medium revelaed enhancement of the corpus callosum in the early stage. MRI showed gadolinium uptake in both the genu and splenium of the corpus callosum in one case, 8 days after the onset. Three weeks after admission, cystic lesions appeared in the corpus callosum on MRI T1-weighted sagittal images in both cases. Contrast medium uptake may be useful in the diagnosis of Marchiafava-Bignami disease.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 1435-1463
    Keywords: Keywords: Parkinsonism ; epidemic encephalitis ; neuropsychology ; SPECT ; PETscan.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary. A 76-year old woman was affected by lethargic encephalitis in 1918, at the age of 3 months. Long-term clinical follow-up with late neuropsychological evaluation revealed post-encephalitic parkinsonism, which worsened very slowly and was improved by levodopa. Obsessive and compulsive disorders (OCD) were associated to nosophobia. Neuropsychological evaluation showed mild visuocontructional memory deficit, which was isolated. 18 Fluoro-Dopa PET demonstrated a severe bilateral and symmetrical reduction in fluoro-dopa uptake, which was more marked in the putamen than in the caudate. Thus, the pattern of dopaminergic denervation was similar to the one observed in idiopathic Parkinson's disease.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...