Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary Two women with primary amenorrhoea and few other stigmata of Turner's syndrome were found to be chromosome mosaics: 45,X/46,X,idic(Y). In Case 1, the dicentric isochromosome Y was found to have a long-arm breakpoint of formation. This structure was interpreted as containing two Y short arms and centromeres separated by a region derived from the proximal Y long arm. One of the centromeres in the Case 1 —idic(Y) was suppressed in 80% of cells in blood, and in these cells it appeared as a regular Y-shaped chromosome. In Case 2 the idic(Y) was derived by a short-arm breakpoint of formation. In all the dicentrics of this case with one primary constriction (functional monocentrics) there was a single Cd band. In the 10% of dicentrics with two primary constrictions, there were two Cd bands. It is argued that the instability of sex isochromosomes is due to this functional dicentricity in some cells. These cases are compared with 42 other Y isochromosomes with various short- and long-arm breakpoints of formation. It is suggested that some of the nonheterochromatic, nonfluorescent Y chromosomes previously reported may be explained as dicentric i(Y) with proximal long-arm breakpoints of formation and one suppressed centromere.
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