Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary Efficient utilization of divergent germ plasm sources in breeding cultivated Dactylis glomerata L. ssp. glomerata Domin depends on knowledge of quantitative variation within and among accessions. This study was undertaken to quantify variation and covariation for forage yield, maturity, disease reaction, and ground cover within a population of tetraploid Dactylis accessions. Variation was observed among families within the population for each variable. Most genetic variation (73%–93% of the family sums of squares) was within country sources or within accessions. Thus, country boundaries, which are traditionally important factors used in defining limits of plant exploration expeditions, have limited expected use in targeting future exploration for specific sources of high yield, disease resistance, or ground cover. Maturity was the exception to this; late-maturing accessions were identified as originating exclusively from the USSR. Some relationships among traits, such as that for yield and disease reaction, differed for accessions and cultivars. Several accessions and families within accessions were identified to have performance superior to most or all cultivars included in this study. Existing germ plasm from several countries was identified to have potential in breeding orchardgrass, while that from other countries appeared to have little or no potential in supplying germ plasm for hay production in humid-temperate environments.
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