Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 1520-5835
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Macromolecules 28 (1995), S. 6365-6367 
    ISSN: 1520-5835
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1042-7147
    Keywords: polymer films ; latex ; cellulose ; short fibers ; whiskers ; composite materials ; mechanical properties ; mechanical modeling ; Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Composite materials were processed by casting a mixture of aqueous suspensions of latex and microfibrils. These microfibrils, or whiskers, are extracted from a sea animal and are monocrystals of cellulose, with an aspect ratio around 100 and an average diameter of 20 nm. It has been found that the mechanical properties (shear modulus) are increased by more than two orders of magnitude in the rubbery state of the polymeric matrix, when the whisker content was 6% (w/w). This very large effect is discussed on the basis of different types of mechanical models and it is concluded that these whiskers form a rigid network, probably linked by hydrogen bonds. The formation of this network is assumed to be governed by a percolation mechanism.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Stamford, Conn. [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Polymer Engineering and Science 28 (1988), S. 1318-1325 
    ISSN: 0032-3888
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Dynamic mechanical measurements have been performed in order to get information on the morphology of butyl-acrylate (BuA)-vinyl-acetate (V Ac) based systems. The samples were obtained after emulsion polymerization by three different pathways: (a) Physical blending from homopolymer latexes (b) a conventional batch process leading to a BuA rich core-V Ac rich shell latex particle (c) a two-step polymerization leading to an abrupt concentration gradient Inside the particle. Films were obtained by evaporation of water at room temperature. The spectra of the films were interpreted with the help of Kerner's model, and new information has been obtained on the morphology: (i) in the simple blend (case a), the p(V Ac) latexes tend to coalesce to form the matrix; and (ii) it is possible to determine whether random copolymer formed during a polymerization process is located at the interface of p(BuA) and P(V Ac) (case b) or inside the p(BuA) inclusion (case c).
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    ISSN: 0887-6266
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: The dynamic mechanical behavior of monodisperse atactic polystyrene (mol. wt. 98,000) has been measured in the frequency range, 10-5 to 10 Hz and temperature range 359-374K. The time-temperature superposition of the entire data in the frequency range of overlap seems less satisfactory in both the real and imaginary components of the complex shear modulus, G′ and G″, respectively. The lack of adequate superposition becomes pronounced in the tan φ (G″/G′) plots. The tan φ plots provide a more discerning criteria for the superposition than the G′ or G″ spectra.An analysis based on an earlier model for anelastic deformation shows that of the several changes that may occur in the dynamic mechanical behavior on heating of polystyrene, the predominant ones are both an increase in the size of the microshear domains and the correlations of movement of segments near entanglements. These decrease the contribution to the modulus on heating near Tg so that the time-temperature superposition is vitiated.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Bognor Regis [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0887-6266
    Keywords: Nylon-12, dry and water-saturated, dielectric properties of ; dielectric properties of dry and water-saturated Nylon-12 ; absorption of water and dielectric relaxation of Nylon-12 ; Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: The dielectric relaxation of 30% crystalline Nylon-12 of molecular weight 20,000 has been studied at frequencies from 12 Hz to 0.1 MHz and temperatures from 77 to 375 K, and the effect of water on the relaxation spectra has been investigated. Absorbed water increases both the rate and the intensity of both its α-and β-relaxation processes and increases the rate but decreases the intensity of its γ-relaxation process. These results are interpreted in terms of the hydrogen bonding effects of water on localized motions of dipoles in Nylon-12. The relatively large half-width of the α-relaxation, which becomes better resolved at high temperatures, is attributed mainly to the random distribution of crystalline regions in the polymer. It is suggested that water lowers the steric hindrance for the localized mode of dipolar reorientation and causes a redistribution of local sites such that the β-relaxation process grows at the expense of the γ-process.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    ISSN: 0887-6266
    Keywords: cellulose ; polyamide 66 ; blends ; N-methyl morpholine N-oxide ; differential scanning calorimetry ; scanning electron microscopy ; wide angle x-ray scattering ; Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: Each homopolymer, cellulose and polyamide 66 (PA66), was separately dissolved in a mixture of N-methyl morpholine N-oxide and phenol (80/20 w/w). Then, the two solutions were mixed together. This step leads to the crystallization of PA66 in small aggregates (about 1 μ) regularly dispersed in the cellulose solution. It appeared that this morphology remains independent of further processing such as spinning or casting. Finally, fibers or films were precipitated in methanol. The entire preparation technique used here results mainly in two-phase systems in which PA66 domains are embedded in an amorphous cellulose matrix. The specimens obtained were at first characterized by differential scanning calorimetry, scanning electron microscopy, and wide angle x-ray scattering. © 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 9 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    ISSN: 0887-6266
    Keywords: cellulose ; polyamide ; polymer blends ; solid-state NMR ; mechanical properties ; miscibility ; adhesion ; modeling ; Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: Blends of the natural polymer cellulose with a synthetic polymer, polyamide 66, are studied in order to determine if the expected strong interaction between them, due to hydrogen bonds, could improve their mechanical properties such as strength and elongation at break. In a previous work {Part I, J. Polym. Sci. Polym. Phys., 32, 1437 (1994)}, the preparation technique and the characterization of cellulose-polyamide 66 (PA66) blends were described in detail. Several samples in the composition range between 0 to 70 wt % of PA66 were carefully dried and examined using dynamic mechanical and tensile tests. Based on previous work a new percolation model has been developed. It takes both linear and nonlinear mechanical behaviors into account and allows for the effect of adhesion between material domains. From comparison between experimental and predicted data, it is concluded that a partial miscibility between the amorphous phases of cellulose and PA66 exists and is responsible for a strong adhesion at their interface. Solid-state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance has also been used to study these samples and supports the existence of strong interactions between both homopolymers. © 1995 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 12 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    ISSN: 0887-6266
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: The dynamic mechanical behavior of 10 and 20% poly(vinyl methyl ether)-polystyrene blends has been studied in the frequency range 10-5 Hz to 5 Hz and temperature range 100-450 K. Isochronal plots of modulus G′ and loss factor, tan φ, show the presence of one relaxation process at temperatures below the transition zone. A second relaxation process at intermediate temperatures but below Tg may be inferred from the breadth of the G″ frequency curves in the transition zone of both blends. This process, at 280 〈 T 〈 300 K, is independent of PVME concentration and seems to be associated with the local modes of motions of PS chains. The rheological behavior of the blends shows them to be compatible up to 20% PVME. Their G′ and G″ data cannot be shifted along a frequency axis to produce a satisfactory master curve. The departure from thermorheological simplicity is much more clearly observed in the tan φ than in the modulus-frequency plots. This departure is due to the change in the segmental correlation effects, or length, with temperature near Tg. A molecular model of the growth of microshear domains with hierarchically constrained molecular motions, given elsewhere, quantitatively agrees with the dynamic mechanical behavior.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Bognor Regis [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0887-6266
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: By using an automated low-frequency apparatus, dynamic mechanical experiments are performed on bulk-crystallized high-density polyethylene in the temperature range of the α relaxation. In order to characterize the key morphological features governing the presence of multiple α relaxations, we have developed a simple model from calorimetric data to assess the crystallite size distribution of samples with different thermal histories. The morphological characterizations are completed by wide-angle x-ray diffraction measurements. Isochronal spectrometry and frequency scans performed under isothermal conditions both exhibit two α relaxations designated α1 and α2, with increasing temperature (or increasing frequency). These two relaxations are frequency dependent but they are not thermorheologically simple processes. Some analogy is found between tan φ versus temperature or frequency and the biomodal lamellar size distribution curves determined from calorimetric data. Moreover, both the temperature of α2 peak and the most probable lamellar thickness of the larger lamellae depend on the thermal history of the sample: with increasing thickness of the larger lamellae, the α2 peak temperature is shifted toward higher temperature. In contrast, both the temperature of the a peak and the most probable lamellar thickness of the thinner lamellae seem to be independent of thermal history: the thinner lamellae should be formed on cooling from the remaining uncrystallized fraction. From thege findings, it is proposed that the α, and α2 relaxations have the same origins and that they could arise from defect diffusion within the thinner and thicker crystallites, respectively, with some influence of the amorphous matter in the interfacial regions.
    Additional Material: 11 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...