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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-2218
    Keywords: Postcholecystectomy pain ; ERCP misdiagnosis ; Choledocholithiasis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has become an essential tool to investigate patients with the postcholecystectomy syndrome. A normal cholangiogram usually rules out the presence of biliary tract disease, and further investigations are directed towards other organ systems. We present a case in which a normal ERCP caused a significant delay in reassessing the biliary tree in a patient who eventually presented with choledocholithiasis. A repeat ERCP should be considered in patients with persistent biliary tract pain, even if the initial ERCP shows no abnormality.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1433-3023
    Keywords: Clot retention ; Colposuspension ; Hematuria ; Suprapubic catheterization
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Suprapubic catheterization is a common procedure in continence surgery and hematuria is a common complication after suprapubic catheterization. The authors report an unusual case of acute clot retention after the removal of a Cystofix suprapubic catheter in a patient who had had a Burch colposuspension. Suprapublic cystotomy as an alternate suprapublic method is also discussed.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Abstract  Xanthobacter Py2 grows on propene as sole carbon source, converting propene to propene oxide (epoxypropane) using an alkene-specific monooxygenase, as the first step in catabolism. Four mutants, NZ1–4, with a propene- propene oxide+ phenotype were isolated by 1-methyl-3-nitro-1-nitroso-guanidine mutagenesis or by enrichment with the suicide substrate vinylidene chloride, and were shown to have lost the ability to convert alkenes to epoxides. All four mutants were complemented by a number of clones of Xanthobacter Py2 chromosomal DNA in the broad-host-range cosmid pLAFR5, some of which appeared to be non-overlapping. Representatives of the different clones obtained were transferred into Xanthobacter autotrophicus JW33 and one, pNY2, the most frequently isolated clone, was shown to express an inducible, fully functional propene monooxygenase. Subcloning revealed that all four mutants were complemented by a 2.4-kb EcoRI-PstI fragment situated at one end of the cosmid insert. However, activity in X. autotrophicus JW33 could only be expressed from pNY2, containing the complete insert (25 kb), suggesting a large operon or some form of long-range control. pNY2 failed to express in E. coli. In X. autotrophicus JW33 [pNY2] at least three new polypeptides were evident after induction with propene compared with a control carrying only the cosmid pLAFR5.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1365-2036
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background : Colorectal cancer screening by guaiac faecal occult blood test has been shown to reduce the incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer in Western populations. The optimal faecal occult blood test, whether guaiac or immunochemical, for colorectal cancer screening in the Chinese population remains to be defined.Aim : To compare the performance characteristics of a sensitive guaiac-based faecal occult blood test (Hemoccult SENSA) and an immunochemical faecal occult blood test (FlexSure OBT) in a Chinese population referred for colonoscopy.Methods : One hundred and thirty-five consecutive patients who were referred for colonoscopy and who met the study inclusion criteria took samples for the two faecal occult blood tests simultaneously from three successive stool specimens, with no dietary restrictions. All tests were developed and interpreted by a single experienced technician who was blind to the clinical diagnosis. The sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value for the detection of colorectal adenomas and cancers were estimated for the two tests.Results : The sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value for the detection of significant colorectal neoplasia (adenomas ≥ 1.0 cm and cancers) were 91%, 70% and 18% for Hemoccult SENSA and 82%, 94% and 47% for FlexSure OBT. The specificity and positive predictive value were significantly higher for FlexSure OBT than for Hemoccult SENSA (P 〈 0.001 and P = 0.016, respectively). Combining the positive results from both faecal occult blood tests did not improve the accuracy.Conclusion : The positive predictive value of the immunochemical faecal occult blood test for the detection of significant colorectal neoplasia was 29% better than that of the sensitive guaiac-based test. This may relate to the Chinese diet and requires further study. The poor specificity of the sensitive guaiac-based test, without dietary restriction, makes it less useful for colorectal cancer screening in a Chinese population.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1365-2036
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Aim : To test the efficacy of rabeprazole, levofloxacin and rifabutin triple therapy vs. quadruple therapy for the second-line treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection.Methods : One hundred and nine patients who had failed previous H. pylori eradication were randomized to receive: (i) rabeprazole, 20 mg b.d., rifabutin, 300 mg once daily, and levofloxacin, 500 mg once daily, for 7 days (triple therapy); or (ii) rabeprazole, 20 mg b.d., metronidazole, 400 mg t.d.s., bismuth subcitrate, 120 mg q.d.s., and tetracycline, 500 mg q.d.s., for 7 days (quadruple therapy). Endoscopy and culture were performed before treatment.Results : The clarithromycin (79% vs. 21%, P 〈 0.001) and metronidazole (89% vs. 40%, P 〈 0.001) resistance rates were significantly higher in patients with previous exposure than in those with no previous exposure. The intention-to-treat and per protocol eradication rates were 91%/91% for the triple therapy group and 91%/92% for the quadruple therapy group. For patients with double resistance to metronidazole and clarithromycin, the eradication rates were 85% (17/20) in the triple therapy group and 87% (13/15) in the quadruple therapy group. Compliance was greater than 95% for both regimens.Conclusion : Rabeprazole, levofloxacin and rifabutin-based triple therapy and quadruple therapy were equally effective as second-line treatments for H. pylori infection.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1365-2036
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: A new rapid urine test was developed to detect anti-Helicobacter pylori antibody in urine using the principle of immunochromatography. The accuracy of this test in the Chinese population remains to be defined.〈section xml:id="abs1-2"〉〈title type="main"〉Aim:To evaluate a new rapid urine test for the diagnosis of H. pylori infection in the Chinese population.〈section xml:id="abs1-3"〉〈title type="main"〉Methods:Eligible patients without previous treatment of H. pylori were recruited. In-house rapid urease test and histology were used as the gold standard. The rapid urine test (RAPIRUN H. pylori antibody) was performed and the results were compared with the gold standard.〈section xml:id="abs1-4"〉〈title type="main"〉Results:One hundred and twenty-three patients were eligible for analysis and 61 (50%) were H. pylori positive by the gold standard. The rapid urine test showed a sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of 96.7%, 95.2%, 95.2%, 96.7% and 95.9%, respectively. Results were obtained within 20 min and no special laboratory support was required.〈section xml:id="abs1-5"〉〈title type="main"〉Conclusions:The rapid urine test by immunochromatography is highly accurate for the diagnosis of H. pylori infection in untreated Chinese patients.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1365-2036
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Aims : To study the prevalence, clinical characteristics and long-term outcome of oesophagitis in Chinese patients.Methods : Clinical and endoscopic data were collected prospectively from consecutive patients who underwent upper endoscopy between 1997 and 2001. Patients with endoscopic oesophagitis were graded according to the Los Angeles system and analysed according to their clinical presentation, endoscopic details, Helicobacter pylori status, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug history, co-morbidity and mortality.Results : A total of 22 628 upper endoscopies were performed in 16 606 patients. Of these, 631 (3.8%) had endoscopic oesophagitis, 14 had benign oesophageal stricture (0.08%) and 10 had Barrett's oesophagus (0.06%). Most patients (94%) had either Los Angeles grade A or grade B oesophagitis. Patients who died during follow-up had a significantly higher incidence of co-morbid illness (100% vs. 63%, P 〈 0.001). By Cox regression analysis, the presence of gastrointestinal bleeding (P = 0.008), advanced age (P = 0.004) and the use of Ryle's tube (P = 0.043) were identified to be independent factors associated with mortality.Conclusions : Complicated gastro-oesophageal reflux disease is uncommon in the Asian population. Advanced age, use of Ryle's tube and the presence of gastrointestinal bleeding are associated with a poor long-term outcome, which is a reflection of the severe underlying co-morbidity.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1365-2036
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background : We have previously shown that ranitidine bismuth citrate-based, clarithromycin-containing triple therapy achieves a higher eradication rate than proton pump inhibitor-based regimens in areas with a high prevalence of metronidazole resistance.Aim : To evaluate whether this higher efficacy of ranitidine bismuth citrate over proton pump inhibitor can be extended to non-clarithromycin-containing regimens.Methods : Helicobacter pylori-positive dyspeptic patients were randomized to receive either ranitidine bismuth citrate, 400 mg, amoxicillin, 1000 mg, and metronidazole, 400 mg, or omeprazole, 20 mg, amoxicillin, 1000 mg, and metronidazole, 400 mg, each given twice daily for 1 week. H. pylori eradication was confirmed by 13C-urea breath test 5 weeks later. The side-effects of the treatments were documented.Results : Two hundred and twenty-nine patients were eligible for analysis. By intention-to-treat and per protocol analysis, the eradication rates were 77% and 79%, respectively, in the ranitidine bismuth citrate–amoxicillin–metronidazole group and 77% and 82%, respectively, in the omeprazole–amoxicillin–metronidazole group (P = 0.58 and P = 0.65). However, patients in the omeprazole–amoxicillin–metronidazole group reported a significantly higher incidence of minor side-effects when compared to those in the ranitidine bismuth citrate–amoxicillin–metronidazole group (P = 0.001).Conclusions : Ranitidine bismuth citrate–amoxicillin–metronidazole was equally as effective as omeprazole–amoxicillin–metronidazole triple therapy, and may be considered as an alternative non-clarithromycin-based regimen in the Chinese population.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1365-2036
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The proportion of duodenal ulcers not associated with Helicobacter pylori infection or the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is increasing.〈section xml:id="abs1-2"〉〈title type="main"〉Aim:To identify the clinical and endoscopic characteristics of non-H. pylori, non-NSAID duodenal ulcers.〈section xml:id="abs1-3"〉〈title type="main"〉Methods:Clinical and endoscopic data and H. pylori status were prospectively collected from consecutive patients who underwent upper endoscopy from 1997 to 1999. Patients with duodenal ulcers were identified, and those with non-H. pylori, non-NSAID duodenal ulcers were analysed further.〈section xml:id="abs1-4"〉〈title type="main"〉Results:A total of 11 717 upper endoscopies were performed in 8344 patients. Of these, 1153 (14%) had duodenal ulcers. Of 599 patients with active ulcers and known H. pylori status, 104 (17%) had ulcers not associated with H. pylori or the use of NSAIDs, 393 (66%) had ulcers associated with H. pylori alone, 51 (8.5%) had ulcers associated with the use of NSAIDs alone and 51 (8.5%) had ulcers associated with both. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that the presence of concomitant diseases (odds ratio=15.0; 95% confidence interval, 8.64–25.9; P 〈 0.001) and the absence of epigastric pain/discomfort (odds ratio=0.52; 95% confidence interval, 0.29–0.91; P=0.022) were independent predictors for non-H. pylori, non-NSAID duodenal ulcers.〈section xml:id="abs1-5"〉〈title type="main"〉Conclusions:Non-H. pylori, non-NSAID duodenal ulcers exhibit certain distinct clinical and endoscopic characteristics. The presence of concomitant diseases is an important predictive factor.
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    The European physical journal 298 (1980), S. 7-9 
    ISSN: 1434-601X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract The Jeffreys-Born integral in the WKB approximation is generalized to include the Coulomb potential. The Weyl-transform is used to obtain phase functions for potentials frequently used in fitting modified Coulomb scattering data.
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