Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Leukotriene E4 (LTE4) is elevated in adults with atopic dermatitis (AD). We evaluated whether urinary LTE4 as a noninvasive marker correlates with clinical indices of disease activity in children with AD. AD patients aged 18 years or younger were eligible for inclusion in the study. Disease severity over the preceding 3 days was evaluated by the SCORing Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) index. Severity of AD over the past 12 months was evaluated by the Nottingham Eczema Severity Score (NESS) in Chinese. Urinary LTE4 concentration was measured by competitive enzyme immunoassay. One hundred and twenty-six children with AD (82 boys and 44 girls) and 45 controls were recruited. The mean ± SD urinary log-transformed LTE4 concentration in AD patients and controls was 2.94 ± 0.32 and 2.62 ± 0.20 pg/mg creatinine, respectively (P 〈 0.0001). SCORAD significantly correlated with NESS (r = 0.681, P 〈 0.0001). There were significant correlations between urinary LTE4 concentration and overall SCORAD score (r = 0.270, P = 0.002) and its extent (r = 0.185, P = 0.038) and intensity components (r = 0.247, P = 0.005), but not with NESS. When compared with mild AD, urinary LTE4 concentrations were higher in patients with moderate-to-severe disease (P = 0.049). Urinary LTE4 measurement is noninvasive and may be useful in supplementing the SCORAD for following longitudinal changes in AD severity in children. However, the practical value of this assay in a clinical setting remains to be determined.
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