Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
Filter
Collection
Years
  • 1
    ISSN: 1399-3038
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Thromboxane A2 and its receptor (TBXA2R) are involved in the constriction of vascular and respiratory smooth muscles. The T924C polymorphism in the TBXA2R gene was recently found to be associated with asthma in Japanese adults but not in children. Its relationship with atopy or asthma severity in children has not been defined. To investigate this further, we first assessed the severity of asthma in Chinese children using a standardized questionnaire modified from the Disease Severity Score and spirometric evaluation. Then, peripheral blood was analyzed for serum total and aeroallergen-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels, and TBXA2R T924C genotypes were determined by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis. One-hundred and fifty three asthmatic patients and 57 control children were recruited, of respective mean ages 9.9 and 11.0 years (p = 0.07). The mean logarithmic serum total IgE concentration was 2.57 and 2.09, respectively, for the asthmatic group and control group (p 〈 0.0001). Atopy was detected in 132 (86%) asthmatics and 33 (58%) controls. A significant association was observed between T924C and the diagnosis of atopic asthma (p = 0.044; odds ratio: 1.84). In addition, those asthmatics homozygous for the mutant allele in T924C had a lower forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) (p = 0.032 and 0.002, respectively). Among our asthmatic patients, the TBXA2R T924C polymorphism correlated with the concentration of cat-specific IgE in serum (p = 0.046). Nonetheless, this gene marker did not show an association with the serum total IgE concentration or any clinical indicator of asthma severity. In conclusion, our results suggest that the T924C marker in the TBXA2R gene is associated, in Chinese children, with an increased susceptibility of developing atopic asthma. This marker is also associated with the extent of allergic sensitization to cat, as well as with reduced FEV1 and FVC values.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 1399-3038
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Epidemiologic studies suggest increased asthma prevalence in obese subjects. However, the relation between obesity and airway inflammation remains unclear. This cross-sectional study aims to investigate the relation between obesity indices and exhaled nitric oxide (ENO) and leukotriene B4 (LTB4) in children with asthma. Asthmatic patients aged 7–18 yr old were recruited. Weight-for-height Z score was calculated from anthropometry. ENO was measured by online single-breath method using a chemiluminescence analyzer, whereas LTB4 concentrations in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) were quantified using competitive enzyme immunoassay. Ninety-two asthmatics and 23 controls were recruited. The mean ENO and LTB4 concentrations in EBC were higher in asthmatic patients (87 p.p.b. and 40.5 pg/ml) than controls (25 p.p.b. and 18.7 pg/ml) (p 〈 0.0001 for both). Obesity, as defined by weight 〉120% median weight-for-height, was not associated with any alteration in ENO or LTB4 concentrations in patients with asthma. Besides, these inflammatory markers did not differ between asthmatics in the highest and lowest quartiles of weight-for-height Z score. On multivariate analysis, ENO showed significant correlation with age (β = 0.511, p 〈 0.0001), peripheral blood eosinophil count (β = 0.222, p = 0.019), plasma total IgE concentration (β = 0.187, p = 0.050) and forced expiratory volume in 1-s (FEV1; β = −0.221, p = 0.014). None of the factors was associated with LTB4 concentration in EBC. In conclusion, ENO and LTB4 concentration in EBC are increased in childhood asthma. However, these inflammatory markers did not differ between obese and non-obese children with asthma.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1399-3038
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Activation of macrophages through CD14 by microbes is crucial in inducing immunity by type 1 T helper cells. A C-to-T polymorphism at position −159 of CD14 was associated with serum total IgE level in Caucasians but not in Japanese subjects. The objective of this study is to determine whether this polymorphic marker is associated with atopy and asthma phenotypes in Chinese children. Restriction fragment length polymorphism was used to characterize CD14/−159 genotypes. Microparticle immunoassay was used to measure serum total IgE level; fluorescent enzyme immunoassay was performed to measure serum concentrations of specific IgE to aeroallergens; and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure serum levels of soluble CD14 (sCD14). Lung function in asthmatics was assessed by spirometry. Two hundred and fifty-eight patients and 92 control children were recruited. Their mean serum total IgE concentrations were 331 and 74 kIU/l, respectively (p 〈 0.0001). Atopy, defined as the presence of at least one allergen-specific IgE in serum, was found in 220 (85%) patients and in 41 (45%) controls (p 〈 0.0001). Serum sCD14 levels were significantly associated with CD14/−159 genotypes (p = 0.004). Atopic subjects with CC genotype in CD14/−159 had the highest serum total IgE levels compared with CT and TT genotypes, with the respective mean values being 661, 427 and 380 kIU/l (p = 0.015). Similarly, a higher proportion of subjects with CC genotype had increased serum total IgE concentration (p = 0.039). This polymorphic marker was not associated with asthma or aeroallergen sensitization in our cohort. Our results suggest that the C−159T of CD14 was associated with serum total IgE concentration in atopic Chinese children.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 1399-3038
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Chemokines are responsible for the trafficking of leukocytes to sites of inflammation. Serum chemokine levels were previously shown to be increased in adult patients with atopic dermatitis (AD). We tested whether serum concentrations of chemokines, including macrophage-derived chemokine (MDC), thymus and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC), eotaxin (EOX), interferon gamma inducible protein 10 (IP-10) and monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1), are useful inflammatory markers for assessing AD severity in infants and young children. To investigate this, we assessed the severity of AD clinically using the SCORing Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) index system. Serum chemokine concentrations were determined by sandwich enzyme immunoassay. Twenty AD patients with a median age of 2.1 years [interquartile range (IQR): 0.6–4.2] were recruited. Their SCORAD score was 23.5 (12.5–33.5). Serum concentrations of MDC, TARC, EOX, IP-10 and MCP-1 were 2551 (1978–3935), 1469 (1125–3070), 68 (57–85), 126 (101−226) and 518 (419–614) pg/ml, respectively. Serum MDC levels correlated with SCORAD (r = 0.608, p = 0.004) and its extent (r = 0.629, p = 0.003) and intensity (r = 0.557, p = 0.011) components. Serum TARC concentration showed weaker correlation with extent (r = 0.474, p = 0.035) and intensity (r = 0.465, p = 0.039) of skin involvement but not SCORAD. The median serum levels of MDC (3131 vs. 2394 pg/ml; p = 0.031) and EOX (80 vs. 61 pg/ml; p = 0.046) were also higher in children with moderate as compared with mild AD. The other chemokines did not correlate with AD severity. In conclusion, our results suggest that serum MDC concentration may be a useful inflammatory marker for assessing AD severity in infants and young children.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...