Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 1398-9995
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The relationship between long-term exposure to air pollutants, especially with regard to photochemical air pollutants, and asthma prevalence in developed countries is controversial. The objective of this cross-sectional survey was to compare mean levels of the main gaseous air pollutants and prevalence rates of rhinitis, asthma, and asthmatic symptoms. It included 2445 children from the 8th and 9th school grades who had been living for at least 3 years in an area where some communities undergo the heaviest photochemical exposure in France. Data on rhinitis, asthmatic symptoms, and asthma prevalence were gathered with the ISAAC paper and video questionnaires. The relation between level of air pollutants and asthma was assessed first by comparison of crude prevalence rates (chi-square test), and then by simple regression analysis and multiple logistic regression analysis. No consistent association between mean SO2 and NO2 levels, and prevalence of rhinitis, asthma, or asthmatic symptoms could be demonstrated. In contrast, there were statistically significant associations between prevalence of asthmatic symptoms and mean ozone (O3) concentration. The interpretation of such findings is not straightforward, as these symptoms can be interpreted either as respiratory irritation due to exposure to nonspecific airway stimuli or as a true asthmatic state. Additional studies are required to clarify this important issue. In conclusion, this large cross-sectional epidemiologic survey performed in an area of high photochemical air pollution did demonstrate statistically significant associations between the prevalence of asthmatic symptoms and mean O3 concentration.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 1434-4726
    Keywords: Seasonal allergic rhinitis ; Azelastine Cetirizine ; Intranasal medications ; Clinical studies
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract A new topically administered intranasal antiallergic drug, azelastine, was investigated in a large randomized multicenter study that compared it with oral cetirizine from the aspects of efficacy and safety. Patients were treated for 14 days, and efficacy was assessed on days 7 and 14 by means of an investigator rating scale measuring the severity of eight nasal and ocular symptoms of seasonal rhinitis. In addition, patients recorded the extent of individual symptoms on a visual analogue scale (VAS). Tolerability was assessed on the basis of adverse events reported. Data from a total of 129 patients were included in the analysis of drug efficacy. Treatment groups had significant reductions in the investigators' total symptom score during treatment. These reductions were 47% and 55% for azelastine and cetirizine, respectively, at day 7 and 61% and 67% at day 14. There were no differences between the two groups whether they were analyzed overall or separately for nasal and ocular symptoms. Patients' daily VAS scores showed a significantly better resolution of nasal stuffiness and rhinorrhea in the azelastine-treated group than in the cetirizine-treated group. There were no differences for any other symptom. Adverse events were reported by 12 patients in the azelastine group and 20 patients in the cetirizin group. Drowsiness was the only frequently occurring event and this was in the azelastine group (P = 0.003).
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-7284
    Keywords: ELISA ; Antigen 60 ; Tuberculosis ; IgM ; IgG
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Two ELISA tests (IgG and IgM) for the serodiagnosis of tuberculosis, both based on antigen 60 (A60) ofM. bovis BCG, were applied to 1,644 controls and patients to analyse the immune response in different forms of this infectious disease. Out of 200 healthy individuals, 148 being tuberculin —positive BCG-vaccinated adults, only 10 contacts — nurses of the pneumology department and laboratory technicians of the mycobacterial laboratory — were found positive for anti-A60 IgG. One quarter of hospitalized patients affected by non-tuberculous pneumopathies (194 in total) were found weakly positive for anti-A60 IgG. We suppose that these positive cases have suffered from inapperant infections and are in a “persistent state”. Out of 344 cases of primary pulmonary tuberculosis, 88% were positive for anti-A60 IgG and 75% for the corresponding IgM. Among 97 cases of primary extra-pulmonary tuberculosis, 94% were found IgG positive and 33% IgM positive. The difference between active and inactive post-primary (chronic) tuberculosis was striking: about 100% of both pulmonary and extra-pulmonary cases (367 altogether) had high titers of anti-A60 IgG but IgM positivity was observed in only 15% of the cases, whereas in inactive and quiescent non-cavitary tuberculosis (442 cases), 57% of the patients were weakly positive for anti-A60 IgG and none were positive for IgM. Kinetics of synthesis of anti-A60 IgG and IgM were analysed in primary and post-primary (chronic) active tuberculosis. The IgM tracing immune response to A60 was shorter and lower during primary tuberculosis as compared to post-primary tuberculosis. Our findings point to the high prognostic value of the A60- ELISA test for tuberculosis. Anti-A60 IgM mark initial stages of the disease or reactivation processes whereas anti-A60 IgG last longer than IgM and provide an evaluation of the intensity of the infectious process. Repeated serological tests allow monitoring of the course of the infection and the efficacy of therapy. The test is negative in healthy BCG-vaccinated persons (tuberculin-positive) and healed tuberculous infection cases. The combined use of both IgG and IgM tests helps in the correct diagnosis of “false positive” cases.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-1254
    Keywords: Air pollution ; Pulmonary function ; Epidemiology ; Children
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geography , Physics
    Notes: Abstract In the literature, studies devoted to shortterm effects of air pollution episodes in children have provided controversial results. To evaluate if acute air pollution changes in the Gardanne coal basin (France) could have deleterious effects on children's pulmonary function, we studied 160 children on two different days. Each in-school examination consisted of a short questionnaire and a spirometric assessment. The area included districts of high and low pollution levels. In the former, the two examinations took place at different air pollution levels whereas, in the latter, the air pollution levels were comparable. We obtained higher spirometric values during the second examination, regardless of air pollution changes and suggesting a learning effect, which vanished when we used FEV1/FVC ratio. The difference in FEV1/FVC between days of low and high pollution was significant but merely equal to 2%. There was no change of clinical symptom score.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    ISSN: 1600-0668
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Architecture, Civil Engineering, Surveying , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    ISSN: 1365-2222
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background In order to understand the medical decision taken during the intaial visit of a new asthmatic patient, a group experts designed an expert system which provides conclusions about severity, precipiting factors and treatment. Rules for atopy and the assesment of allergic factors have been discussed and implementedin the expert system. Conclusion about severity have been yet validated using an appropriate methodology.Objective The aim of this study was to investigate a sample of 471 patients according to conclusions regarding atopy.Methods A total of 471 cases report forms (CRf) was filled in for adult asthmatic outpatients, seen for the first time in our clinic without emergency situtations. Data of each CRF were used by the expert systemto draw conclusion. The expert systsm discerns threee patterns fir atopy, yes, possible or no. The variables known to reflect different features according to the classification of asthma as atopic or not have been studied. The Variables used in the rules for atopy, obviously linked to the conclusion, were not completed. For many medical problem no unique objectives solution esixts and this is why a group of patients with possible atomy was introduced.Results Patients with atopy had less severe asthama (P=0.01), a better FEV1 value (P=0.0007)and showed their first symptoms of asthama erlier (P=0.00001)than patients without atopy.Conclusion The Characteristics of the group studied here are consistent with the literature. This could be considered as an indirect validation of the expert system. Moreover, Patients with possible atopy show intermediate findings for these variables and it is possible to suggest a‘dose-effect’relationship.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    ISSN: 1365-2222
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    ISSN: 1365-2222
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    ISSN: 1365-2222
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    ISSN: 1365-2222
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: In patients with respiratory symptoms, several studies have provided data supporting the hypothesis that there is a causal relationship between allergen exposure and variations in bronchial reactivity. In order to determine if this relationship holds when atopy is defined only on the basis of positive skin tests to common allergens, we compared bronchial reactivity in a group of twelve healthy subjects with positive skin tests and twenty-eight healthy subjects with negative tests. The two groups were comparable in terms of gender, age, smoking habits and family history of atopic diseases. The slopes of the dose-response curves, using airway conductance as an index of response, were similar in the two groups. Thus, in this healthy group of subjects, there was no relationship between skin and bronchial reactivity. It can be hypothesized that, if genetic factors determine bronchial reactivity, such reactivity might not be revealed until skin-test positive subjects have received repeated bronchial stimulation through inhalant allergens.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...