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  • 1
    Keywords: RECEPTOR ; CELLS ; EXPRESSION ; CELL ; Germany ; human ; PATHWAY ; SYSTEM ; GENE ; GENES ; PROTEIN ; LINES ; ACTIVATION ; MARKER ; T cell ; T cell activation ; T cells ; T-CELL ; T-CELLS ; BINDING ; CELL-LINES ; SIGNAL ; virus ; IDENTIFICATION ; NUMBER ; CELL-LINE ; LINE ; HUMAN-IMMUNODEFICIENCY-VIRUS ; representational difference analysis ; GENE-PRODUCT ; SUBSET ; PRODUCTS ; HIV ; IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS ; NUCLEOCYTOPLASMIC TRANSPORT ; TAP ; 60S RIBOSOMAL-SUBUNITS ; CD83 ; CRM1 ; IMMUNODEFICIENCY-VIRUS REV ; LEPTOMYCIN B ; RAN ; RECEPTOR CRM1 ; RNA export
    Abstract: In metazoans, the nuclear export of bulk mRNAs is mediated by the export receptor TAP, together with its binding partner p15. A number of viral mRNAs, including the unspliced and partially spliced mRNA species of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), however, use an alternative export route via the importin beta-related export receptor CRM1. This raises the question of whether a subset of cellular mRNAs might be exported by CRM1 as well. To identify such mRNAs, we performed a systematic screen in different cell lines, using representational difference analyses of cDNA (cDNA-RDA). In HeLa and Cl-4 cells no cellular transcripts could be identified as exported via CRM1. In contrast, we found a number of CRM1-dependent mRNAs in Jurkat T cells, most of which are induced during a T cell response. One of the identified gene products, the dendritic cell marker CD83, was analyzed in detail. CD83 expression depends on a functional CRM1 pathway in activated Jurkat T cells as well as in a heterologous expression system, independent of activation. Our results point to an important role of the CRM1-dependent export pathway for the expression of CD83 and other genes under conditions of T cell activation. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 16580684
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-2307
    Keywords: Rabbit aorta ; Organ culture ; Endothelial regeneration ; Electron microscopy
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Following an in vivo lesion of the rabbit thoracic aorta, endothelial regeneration was studied in silver-stained specimens from en face organ cultures of aortic segments with and without intercostal arteries. The in vivo lesion had been inflicted by an embolectomy catheter. Our results confirmed that endothelium regenerates from preexisting endothelium around the mounths of the intercostal arteries. A conspicuous observation was the orientation pattern of endothelial cells during regeneration. Transmission electron microscopy suggests that the cell cytoskeleton plays a role in the regulation of regeneration. The organ culture technique described, complementary to in vivo and in vitro investigations with cell cultures, seems to be a valuable tool in further investigations on factors involved in the repair of arterial tissue.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Virchows Archiv 403 (1984), S. 163-171 
    ISSN: 1432-2307
    Keywords: Experimental arteriosclerosis ; Fibrinogen ; Fibrin ; Immunoperoxidase staining ; Neo-intima
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The results of immunoperoxidase staining for fibrinogen/fibrin in ethanol- and formaldehyde-fixed, normal and healing arterial tissue are presented. Fibrinogen/fibrin was not observed in the normal aortic wall. The thoracic aorta damaged by a balloon catheter contained fibrinogen/fibrin in all layers of the wall. In the healing aortic wall there was a strong positive reaction in neo-intima, whereas the reaction in media was weak or absent. The staining reaction for fibrinogen/fibrin in formaldehyde-fixed neo-intima covered with aortic smooth muscle cells was strong and almost independent of proteolytic digestion, while such treatment increased the staining intensity for fibrinogen/fibrin in neo-intima covered with endothelium. Our results indicate that an extracellular matrix of fibrin and fibronectin may play a role in migration and proliferation of aortic smooth muscle cells.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Virchows Archiv 399 (1983), S. 307-316 
    ISSN: 1432-2307
    Keywords: Experimental arteriosclerosis ; Fibronectin ; Immunoperoxidase staining ; Neointima
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Immunoperoxidase staining for fibronectin in ethanol- and formaldehyde-fixed, normal and healing arterial tissue is presented. Proteolytic digestion of sections fixed in formaldehyde increased the staining intensity for fibronectin in media from normal thoracic aorta and in neo-intima covered with endothelium, and had a similar effect on media from thoracic aortae with an embolectomy catheter lesion. The staining reaction for fibronectin in formaldehyde-fixed neo-intima covered with aortic smooth muscle cells was strong and almost independent of proteolytic digestion. In re-endothelialized neo-intima with a high content of proteoglycans a masking effect was observed, probably depending on poor access of immunoglobulins to fibronectin. The masking effect observed in non-re-endothelialized neo-intima with a low content of proteoglycans was much weaker. The correlation between the choice of fixative and unmasking of antigenic determinants by proteases is discussed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-0568
    Keywords: Fetal antigen 2 ; Fetal bone formation ; Osteogenesis ; Osteoblasts ; Osteogenic osteosarcoma cells
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Immunohistochemical staining techniques used on an 11-week-old fetus showed that fetal antigen 2 (FA2) was present intracellularly in endochondral and perichondral osteoblasts, and the immunoreaction was extended into the adjacent bone matrix. Osteoclasts and chondroblasts were found to be FA2 negative. A granular perinuclear intracytoplasmic FA2 immunoreaction was found in cultured osteoblasts and osteogenic osteosarcoma cells, and immunoelectron-microscopical examination revealed a granular immunoreaction product in the rough endoplasmic reticulum. These findings indicate that FA2 is synthesized by osteoblasts and osteogenic osteosarcoma cells. A reaction of immunological identity was found between FA2 purified from second trimester amniotic fluid and serum-free supernatants of cultured osteogenic osteosarcoma cells. This shows that an antigen recognized by the anti FA2 antibody is secreted by these malignant cells. Thus, FA2 may represent a marker for altered bone metabolism, and have a potential in the classification of osteogenic osteosarcoma/ chondrosarcoma.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-0584
    Keywords: Key words Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura ; Plasma exchange ; Vincristine
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract  The case of a woman with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura refractory to prolonged treatment with plasma exchange and steroid treatment is described. The addition of vincristine yielded a complete response, which has been maintained for 9 months up to the time of this report.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-0584
    Keywords: Key words Stem cell transplantation ; Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura ; Plasmapheresis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract  Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a rare disease which, together with hemolytic uremic syndrome, is subsumed under thrombotic microangiopathy. After stem cell transplantation (SCT), this syndrome represents a possibly fatal complication with a higher incidence in allogeneic SCT than in autologous SCT. Although plasmapheresis offers an encouraging treatment modality in classic TTP, this seems less effective in bone marrow transplant-associated microangiopathy. This is probably due to a different etiology. We present a case of transplant-associated TTP with a fatal outcome despite multiple courses of plasmapheresis.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Foetal antigen 2 (FA-2) is a connective-tissue-associated antigen isolated from second trimester human amniotic fluid. FA-2 has an α-electrophoretic mobility and is a single-chain molecule with a molecular weight of 26 kDa as determined by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE). Using indirect immunofluorescence and the immunoperoxidase technique, FA-2 was found to be in the lamina densa/ sublamina densa region of the basement membrane zone (BMZ) in adult as well as in foetal skin. FA-2 was found throughout the dermis in foetal skin, whereas in adult skin it was found to be associated with the BMZ and around the blood vessels, hair follicles and eccrine glands. Intracellular FA-2 antigen was demonstrated in proliferating fibroblasts by the indirect immunoperoxidase technique and immunoelectron microscopy of the fibroblasts revealed staining of the antigen in the cisternae of the rough endoplasmatic reticulum at the trans-side of the Golgi complex as well as in vesicles close to the plasma membranes. FA-2, a hitherto undescribed antigen associated with human BMZ, is probably being synthesized by proliferating fibroblasts.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    Experimental Cell Research 82 (1973), S. 319-324 
    ISSN: 0014-4827
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 0011-2240
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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