Key words Gastrin
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract Objective: To determine which demographic factors may influence serum gastrin and pepsinogen I (PGI) levels in duodenal ulcer patients undergoing omeprazole treatment. Methods: We conducted an outpatient-based prospective study in the Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, to investigate the pharmacological effects on patients with duodenal ulcers receiving omeprazole treatment for 4 weeks. Sixty-eight patients (61 males/7 females, aged 25–73 years) with endoscopically confirmed duodenal ulcer were included. Gastrin and pepsinogen I levels were measured before and after treatment. Demographic factors including age, sex, smoking, ulcer healing and antral Helicobacter pylori colonization/clearance were analyzed, in order to measure their probable influences on serum gastrin and pepsinogen I levels. Results: Ulcer healing was seen in 92.6% of patients while 48 (70.6%) antral clearances were seen in 66 H. pylori colonized patients at the end of trial. Omeprazole monotherapy led to a marked elevation of serum gastrin (85.8 pg · ml−1, SD 32.0 pg · ml−1 vs 133.9 pg · ml−1, SD 71.6 pg · ml−1, P 〈 0.01), and pepsinogen I (111.0 ng · ml−1, SD 36.7 ng · ml−1 vs 253.6 ng · ml−1, SD 64.8 ng · ml−1, P 〈 0.01) levels when measured on day 29. Only patients showing antral H. pylori clearance exhibited an influence on the magnitude of pepsinogen I elevation following omeprazole monotherapy (143.9%, SD 67.3% vs 78.6%, SD 51.2%, P 〈 0.01). Moreover, the sensitivity and specificity of serum pepsinogen I variations were plotted on a receiving operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The 140% increased pepsinogen I level yielded a maximum accuracy of 80% specificity or 50% sensitivity to predict antral H. pylori clearance. Conclusion: Antral H. pylori clearance is at least partially responsible for the omeprzaole-induced hyperpepsinogenemia I. The magnitude of hyperpepsinogenemia I probably provides a non-invasive alternative for predicting H. pylori clearance.
Type of Medium: